Photo of Anna Marhold

Anna Marhold


  • Prof. Cobbenhagenlaan 221, Montesquieu Building, room M 506

    5037 DE Tilburg


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Personal profile

Research interests

Anna Marhold is Assistant Professor and a Senior Researcher at the Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), Tilburg Law School (the Netherlands). 

Her specializations are International and European Energy Law and Regulation, International Economic Law, World Trade Organization (WTO) and International Trade Law.

She is particularly interested in EU Energy Policy and its interaction with WTO obligations; energy and environmental regulation in Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) and megaregional agreements, especially TTIP; the future of the Energy Charter Treaty; the OPEC cartel; law and economics approaches to energy regulation; the energy transition; access to supplies and natural resources; public goods; regulation of network industries; squaring energy security with sustainable development and consumer protection; regulation of transit of energy; the Energy Community Treaty and European external energy relations, particularly with the European Neighborhood.


- Master: WTO and International Trade Law (Spring 2018)

- Master: Crisis and EU Law (Spring 2018)

- Master: EU External Relations Law (Fall 2016)

- Global Law: Methods and Techniques of Legal Research (Fall-Spring 2017-2018)

- Global Law: Final Essay (2016-2018)

- Bachelor: Making and Shaping of Markets through Harmonization in the EU (Spring 2018)


Co-supervisor of the Nomosphone Global Law Podcast Series:

External positions

Teaching (Vermont Law School)

19 Jun 201729 Jun 2017

Writing policy brief (International Centre for Trade & Sustainable Development)

15 Jun 2017 → …


  • International Environmental Law
  • European Law
  • Law And Economics
  • International Law
  • Wto
  • International Public Law
  • Energy Problems
  • Energy Markets
  • Trade Policy
  • International Trade

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

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Research Output 2011 2018

A common EU framework regulating import pipelines for gas: Exploring the Commission’s proposal to amend the 2009 gas directive

Marhold, A. & Hancher, L. 15 May 2018 (Submitted) In : Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law. p. 1-33 33 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


A reply to David Kennedy

Marhold, A. 18 May 2018 (Accepted/In press) In : Tilburg Law Review: Journal on international and comparative law. p. 1-5 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

school law
political economy
university teacher

Energy and fossil fuels as a topic in WTO accession protocols

Marhold, A. & Weiss, F. 1 May 2018 (Accepted/In press) European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2018. Bungenberg, M., Krajewski, M., Tams, C., Terhechte, JP. & Ziegler, AR. (eds.). 2018 ed. Springer, Vol. 9, p. 1-17 17 p. (European Yearbook of International Economic Law)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

trade relation

Energy dual pricing as a harmful fossil fuel subsidy: What the WTO can do

Marhold, A. 12 Mar 2018

Research output: Non-textual formWeb publication/siteOther research output

Energy in international trade: Concepts, regulation and changing markets

Marhold, A. 2018 (Accepted/In press) CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS.

Research output: Book/ReportBookScientific

trade law
economic law
international economics
world trade
international law

Activities 2014 2018

Judge at Telders International Moot Court Competition - National Rounds

Marhold, A. (Contributor)
28 Mar 2018

Activity: Participation in workshop, seminar, course etc.Scientific

Law Schools Global League (LSGL) 6th Summer School

Marhold, A. (Contributor)
23 Jul 201827 Jul 2018

Activity: Participation in workshop, seminar, course etc.Scientific

Erasmus University School of Law Early-Career Scholars Conference 2018

Marhold, A. (Contributor)
12 Apr 2018

Activity: Participation in conferenceScientific

University of Notre Dame Workshop on Trump, Brexit and Environmental Law

Marhold, A. (Contributor)
17 Apr 2018

Activity: Participation in workshop, seminar, course etc.Scientific

Press / Media

Nu zitten we dan echt in een handelsoorlog

Anna Marhold


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Mag je een brug bouwen tijdens een boycot?

Anna Marhold


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Prizes / Recognition

EU-US Fulbright-Schuman Grantee 2013-2014 (NYU School of Law)

Anna Marhold (Recipient), 1 May 2013

Prize: Fellowship awarded competitively

European Commission

Marie Curie Early Stage Research Fellow (EU 7th Framework Programme)

Anna Marhold (Recipient), 1 Feb 2015

Prize: Fellowship awarded competitively

economic research
international cooperation