Photo of Inge Graef
  • Prof. Cobbenhagenlaan 221, Montesquieu Building, room M 706

    5037 DE Tilburg


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Personal profile

Research interests

Inge Graef is Assistant Professor at Tilburg Law School with affiliations to the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) and the Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC).

She is co-chairing the Digital Clearinghouse initiative, which aims to facilitate cooperation, dialogue and exchange of insights between regulatory authorities across Europe and beyond in the areas of competition, data protection and consumer law. Inge is also appointed as a member of the European Commission's expert group to the EU Observatory on the Online Platform Economy

The focus of Inge's research is on competition enforcement in the digital economy. She is particularly interested in the interface between competition law and other fields of EU law such as data protection, intellectual property and electronic communications law. Other research interests include the Digital Single Market and net neutrality.

In her doctoral thesis, Inge explored the interaction between competition law and data on online platforms, and the extent to which data protection can be protected as a non-efficiency concern in competition policy.


In 2017, Inge joined Tilburg Law School where she is affiliated to the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology and Society (TILT) and the Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC).

Prior to joining Tilburg University, Inge worked as a researcher at the KU Leuven Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP). In the framework of her PhD studies, she was a visiting researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich in Fall 2014. For her article 'Market Definition and Market Power in Data: The Case of Online Platforms' published in 2015, Inge won the Young Writer's Award of Kluwer Law International's journal World Competition.

In the past, Inge was involved in a number of policy studies commissioned by the European Commission, the Belgian and Dutch government on topics such as net neutrality, the position of over-the-top players in electronic communciations law, the regulation of business-to-business relationships in the online platform environment and the role of big data in competition policy. 

After her master studies in Maastricht and Nijmegen, Inge did traineeships at the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs dealing with competition and public procurement policy issues, and at the European Commission's DG Competition where she worked on various competition investigations in the ICT sector.

Current courses

Click here for my courses.


  • Competition Law
  • Internal Market Law
  • Data Protection
  • Innovation Policy
  • Law And Economics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where Inge Graef is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

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data protection Social Sciences
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Research Output 2015 2019

Differentiated Treatment in Platform-to-Business Relations: EU Competition Law and Economic Dependence

Graef, I., 2019, In : Yearbook of European Law. 38, p. 1 52 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
economic dependence
European Commission

Happiness and Competition Law

Graef, I., 2019, Rethinking IT and IP Law: Celebrating 30 Years CiTiP. Intersentia, p. 295-299

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterProfessional


Pre-formulated declarations of data subject consent: Citizen-consumer empowerment and the alignment of data, consumer and competition law protections

Clifford, D., Graef, I. & Valcke, P., Jul 2019, In : German Law Journal. 20, 5, p. 679-721 43 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
data protection

Rethinking the Essential Facilities Doctrine for the EU Digital Economy

Graef, I., 2019, In : Revue juridique Thémis de l'Université de Montréal . 53, 1, p. 33-72

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientific

personal data
data protection
innovation policy

Activities 2017 2017

  • 5 Invited talk
  • 5 Oral presentation

'Big data' and competition law

I.J.M.A. Graef (Speaker)
28 Jul 2017

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentationScientific

“Big data, big platforms, big mededingingsproblemen?” (panel discussion)

I.J.M.A. Graef (Speaker)
4 Oct 2017

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talkProfessional

Beyond compliance: how privacy and competition can be mutually reinforcing (panel discussion)

I.J.M.A. Graef (Speaker)
26 Jan 2017

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentationScientific

Big data and competition policy: market power, personalised pricing and advertising

I.J.M.A. Graef (Speaker)
1 Jun 2017

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentationScientific

Algorithms and competition law

I.J.M.A. Graef (Speaker)
22 Mar 2017

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talkProfessional