Photo of Inge Graef
  • Prof. Cobbenhagenlaan 221, Montesquieu Building, room M 706

    5037 DE Tilburg


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Personal profile

Research interests

Inge Graef is Assistant Professor at Tilburg Law School with affiliations to the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) and the Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC).

She is also appointed as a member of the European Commission's expert group to the EU Observatory on the Online Platform Economy.

The focus of Inge's research is on competition enforcement in the digital economy. She is particularly interested in the interface between competition law and other fields of EU law such as data protection, intellectual property and electronic communications law. Other research interests include the Digital Single Market and net neutrality.

In her doctoral thesis, Inge explored the interaction between competition law and data on online platforms, and the extent to which data protection can be protected as a non-efficiency concern in competition policy.


In 2017, Inge joined Tilburg Law School where she is affiliated to the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology and Society (TILT) and the Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC).

Prior to joining Tilburg University, Inge worked as a researcher at the KU Leuven Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP). In the framework of her PhD studies, she was a visiting researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich in Fall 2014. For her article 'Market Definition and Market Power in Data: The Case of Online Platforms' published in 2015, Inge won the Young Writer's Award of Kluwer Law International's journal World Competition.

In the past, Inge was involved in a number of policy studies commissioned by the European Commission, the Belgian and Dutch government on topics such as net neutrality, the position of over-the-top players in electronic communciations law, the regulation of business-to-business relationships in the online platform environment and the role of big data in competition policy. 

After her master studies in Maastricht and Nijmegen, Inge did traineeships at the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs dealing with competition and public procurement policy issues, and at the European Commission's DG Competition where she worked on various competition investigations in the ICT sector.

Current courses

Click here for my courses.


  • Competition Law
  • Internal Market Law
  • Data Protection
  • Innovation Policy
  • Law And Economics

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

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Research Output 2015 2018

Algorithms and fairness: What role for competition law in targeting price discrimination towards end consumers

Graef, I., 2018, In : Columbia Journal of European Law. 24, 3, p. 541-559 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Price discrimination
Competition law

Aptoide versus Google and the boundaries of competition law

Graef, I., 7 Sep 2018, In : Wirtschaft und Wettbewerb . 68, 9, p. 437 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Open Access

Big data, prijsdiscriminatie en mededinging

van Damme, E., Graef, I. & Sauter, W., Aug 2018, In : Markt en Mededinging. 3, p. 114-123

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientific

Blurring boundaries of consumer welfare: How to create synergies between competition, consumer and data protection law in digital markets

Graef, I., 2018, Personal data in competition, consumer protection and intellectual property law: Towards a holistic approach. Bakhoum, M., Conde Gallego, B., Mackenrodt, M-O. & Surblytė-Namavičienė, G. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 121-151 31 p. (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

data protection
consumer protection

Data portability and data control: Lessons for an emerging concept in EU law

Graef, I., Husovec, M. & Purtova, N., 2018, In : German Law Journal. 19, 6, p. 1359-1398 40 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
European Law
data protection
personal data

Activities 2017 2017

  • 5 Invited talk
  • 5 Oral presentation

'Big data' and competition law

I.J.M.A. Graef (Speaker)
28 Jul 2017

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentationScientific

First meeting of the Digital Clearinghouse (expert contribution)

I.J.M.A. Graef (Speaker)
29 May 2017

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talkProfessional

The law and economics of data and competition in data markets (panel discussion)

I.J.M.A. Graef (Speaker)
27 Mar 2017

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talkScientific

Algorithms and fairness: what role for competition law in targeting discrimination

I.J.M.A. Graef (Speaker)
17 Jun 2017

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentationScientific

Algorithms and discrimination

I.J.M.A. Graef (Speaker)
29 Jun 2017

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talkScientific