Photo of Ronald Leenes
  • Prof. Cobbenhagenlaan 221, Montesquieu Building, room M 735

    5037 DE Tilburg


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Personal profile

Research interests

Prof.dr. Ronald Leenes (1964) is full professor in regulation by technology at the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (Tilburg University).He is the Hod of Department of the Department of Law, Technology, Markets, and Society (LTMS) at Tilburg Law School and Director of the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT). 

His personal page is here.

His primary research interests are regulation by (and of) technology, specifically related to privacy and identity management. He is also motivated and trying to understand the effects of profiling, function creep and privacy infringements in general.  He is engaged legal and ethical aspects of robotic technologies and AI.

He was a core member of the management team of the EU FP6 PRIME project, the EU FP7 projects PrimeLife and Endorse. He was principal investigator and TILT project coordinator in the EU FP7 project Robolaw which explored the ethical and legal issues of robotics, human enhancement and neurosciences. 

He was principal investigator and TILT project coordinator in the EU FP7 project A4Cloud, which addresses the accountability gap in cloud computing. His focus here is stakeholder concerns, legal aspects and conceptual modeling.


He has contributed to and edited various deliverables for the EU FP6 Network of Excellence 'Future of IDentity in the Information Society' (FIDIS), and he participated in the Network of Excellence 'Legal Framework for the Information Society' (LEFIS).

He has extensive experience in management of international associations. He was Secretary of IFIP WG 8.5 'Information Systems in Public Administration' and secretary/treasurer of the International Association for Artificial Intelligence and law (IAAIL).

He was member of the programme commission of various international conferences in different fields, such as E-government, AI and Law, and in 2008, the conference "TILTing perspectives on regulating technology'.

Ronald has an extensive international network of top-scholars in Europe, Canada, and the US, both within academia and in industry, which he involves in TILT's work.


Ronald has a background in Public Administration and Public Policy (University of Twente) and has extensive research experience in the fields of Artificial Intelligence and Law, E-Government and since he joined TILT, technology (primarily ICTs) and law.

Ronald is a productive researcher with a large number of international publications in books and (refereed) journals and refereed conference volumes.


He was a member of the Scientific Technical Board of SURF.

His inaugural lecture held on 16 April 2010 is entitled: 'Harde lessen: een apologie voor regulering door technologie' (in Dutch) can be watched here.


Professional experience

2009 - Full professor, TILT - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society, Tilburg University

2005 - 2009 Associate professor, TILT - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society, Tilburg University

2004 - 2005 Assistant professor, Law Dept. of Tilburg University

1992 - 2004 Assistant professor, University of Twente, dept of Public administration

1989 - 1992 PhD student, University of Twente, dept of Public administration


 Ronald Leenes teaches the elective Bachelor 2 course 'Law & Technology'

Current courses

Click here for my courses.

PhD supervision


Currently, I supervise the following PhD students:

  • Silvia de Conca,
  • Shaz Jameson
  • Aviva de Groot
  • Emre Bayamlioglu
  • Anna Berti Suman
  • Paulan Korenhof, The right to be forgotten.
  • Eric Lachaud, Certification schemes and privacy compliance.
  • Hans Buitelaar, PrimeLife project
PhD's supervised by Ronald:
  • dr. Dimitrii Trubnikov, The competitive order for the new economy: Lessons from the telecommunications experience (2018)
  • dr. Dusko Martic, Cloud Computing for Online Dispute Resolutions in the EU (2018).
  • dr. Michael Dizon, Understanding networked legality: a socio-technical study of the maker movement (2016)
  • dr. Arnold Roosendaal, Digital personae and profiles in law: Protecting individuals' rights in online contexts (2013)
  • dr. Jelle van Veenen, Getting to :-), thesis defended 15 June 2011.
  • dr. Marcel Hoogwout, De rationaliteit van de klantgerichte overheid', thesis defended 25 Sep 2010.


External positions

Reviews (European Commission)

1 Jan 2014 → …

Advice to SURF board, 6x per annum (Stichting SURF)

1 Jan 20141 May 2018


  • Expert Systems
  • Robotics
  • Privacy
  • Identity Management
  • Rfid
  • Big Data Analytics
  • Nanotechnology
  • Decision Support Systems
  • Internet
  • Computer Science Law
  • Public Administration

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where Ronald Leenes is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

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data protection Social Sciences
privacy Social Sciences
Law Social Sciences
regulation Social Sciences
Data privacy Engineering & Materials Science
constitutional state Social Sciences
robot Social Sciences
law enforcement Social Sciences

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 2003 2019

4 Downloads (Pure)
Open Access

Improving privacy choice through design: How designing for reflection could support privacy self-management

Terpstra, A., Schouten, A., de Rooij, A. & Leenes, R., 1 Jul 2019, In : First Monday. 24, 7, p. 1-13 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Open Access
Command and control systems

Of horses and other animals of cyberspace

Leenes, R., 13 May 2019, In : Technology and Regulation. 2019, p. 1-9 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientific

Open Access
virtual reality

Regulating new technologies in times of change

Leenes, R., 31 Mar 2019, Regulating New Technologies in Uncertain Times. Reins, L. (ed.). Heidelberg: TMC Asser Press | Springer, p. 3-17 15 p. (Information Technology and Law Series ; vol. 2019, no. 32).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

development model
new technology

Artificial intelligence and privacy: AI enters the house through the cloud

de Conca, S. & Leenes, R., Dec 2018, Research handbook on the law of artificial intelligence. Barfield, W. & Pagallo, U. (eds.). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, p. 280-306 27 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Activities 2017 2018

  • 2 Invited talk
  • 1 Organising a workshop, seminar, course etc.

Data Protection Certification Mechanisms and Standards

I. Kamara (Organiser), Leonie Reins (Organiser), Ronald Leenes (Organiser)
23 Jan 2018

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganising a workshop, seminar, course etc.Scientific

Presentation of certification study preliminary results

Irene Kamara (Speaker), Ronald Leenes (Speaker)
20 Mar 2018

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talkProfessional

Study on data protection certification mechanisms, seals, and marks under art. 42 & 43 GDPR

I. Kamara (Speaker), Ronald Leenes (Speaker)
6 Sep 2017

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talkProfessional

Projects 2015 2019