β-Blocker use and all-cause mortality of melanoma patients: Results from a population-based Dutch cohort study

E. Livingstone, L.M. Hollestein, M.P.P. van Herk-Sukel, L.V. van de Poll-Franse, T.E.C. Nijsten, D. Schadendorf, E. de Vries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background
Results from preclinical and observational studies suggest that β-adrenoreceptor inhibition might influence disease progression of melanoma.
Patients and methods
Patients ⩾18 years with cutaneous melanoma (Breslow thickness >1 mm) registered in the Eindhoven Cancer Registry between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2010, who were also registered with PHARMO record linkage system (RLS), were eligible. Randomly selected patients using β-blockers from PHARMO record linkage system (RLS) matched on age and gender served as a control cohort. Adjusted time-dependent and time-fixed Cox proportional hazard models were employed to estimate the hazard ratio of all-cause mortality. Five-year relative survival rates for all-cause mortality were calculated to estimate disease specific survival.
Results
203 of 709 eligible patients used β-blockers after melanoma diagnosis. The use of β-blockers was not associated with the risk of dying (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.82, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.55–1.24). Neither duration of exposure nor β-blocker dosage showed significant influence on survival. Five-year relative survival for β-blocker users was lower than in non-users amongst melanoma patients (80.9% and 83.7%, respectively) but higher among the β-blocker control group compared to the general population (101.4%).
Conclusion
Our results do not show a statistically significant impact of β-blocker exposure on overall survival of melanoma patients, regardless of the timing, duration or dosage of β-blocker use.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3863-3871
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer: Official journal for European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)
Volume49
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'β-Blocker use and all-cause mortality of melanoma patients: Results from a population-based Dutch cohort study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this