A cooperative game with transferable utility -or simply a TU-game- describes a situation in which players can obtain certain payoffs by cooperation.A value function for these games is a function which assigns to every such a game a distribution of the payoffs over the players in the game.An alternative type of solutions are share functions which assign to every player in a TU-game its share in the payoffs to be distributed.In this paper we consider cooperative games in which the players are organized into an a priori coalition structure being a finite partition of the set of players.We introduce a general method for defining a class of share functions for such games in coalition structure using a multiplication property that states that the share of player i in the total payoff is equal to the share of player i in some internal game within i 's a priori coalition, multiplied by the share of this coalition in an external game between the a priori given coalitions.We show that these coalition structure share functions satisfy certain consistency properties.We provide axiomatizations of this class of coalition structure share functions using these consistency and multiplication properties.
|Place of Publication||Tilburg|
|Number of pages||25|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
|Name||CentER Discussion Paper|