A gentle introduction to Bayesian analysis: Applications to developmental research

R. van de Schoot, D. Kaplan, J.J.A. Denissen, J.B. Asendorpf, F.J. Neyer, M.A.G. van Aken

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Abstract

Bayesian statistical methods are becoming ever more popular in applied and fundamental research. In this study a gentle introduction to Bayesian analysis is provided. It is shown under what circumstances it is attractive to use Bayesian estimation, and how to interpret properly the results. First, the ingredients underlying Bayesian methods are introduced using a simplified example. Thereafter, the advantages and pitfalls of the specification of prior knowledge are discussed. To illustrate Bayesian methods explained in this study, in a second example a series of studies that examine the theoretical framework of dynamic interactionism are considered. In the Discussion the advantages and disadvantages of using Bayesian statistics are reviewed, and guidelines on how to report on Bayesian statistics are provided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)842-860
JournalChild Development
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Bayesian statistics
interactionism
statistical method
knowledge
Theoretical Models

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van de Schoot, R., Kaplan, D., Denissen, J. J. A., Asendorpf, J. B., Neyer, F. J., & van Aken, M. A. G. (2014). A gentle introduction to Bayesian analysis: Applications to developmental research. Child Development, 85, 842-860. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12169
van de Schoot, R. ; Kaplan, D. ; Denissen, J.J.A. ; Asendorpf, J.B. ; Neyer, F.J. ; van Aken, M.A.G. / A gentle introduction to Bayesian analysis : Applications to developmental research. In: Child Development. 2014 ; Vol. 85. pp. 842-860.
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van de Schoot, R, Kaplan, D, Denissen, JJA, Asendorpf, JB, Neyer, FJ & van Aken, MAG 2014, 'A gentle introduction to Bayesian analysis: Applications to developmental research', Child Development, vol. 85, pp. 842-860. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12169

A gentle introduction to Bayesian analysis : Applications to developmental research. / van de Schoot, R.; Kaplan, D.; Denissen, J.J.A.; Asendorpf, J.B.; Neyer, F.J.; van Aken, M.A.G.

In: Child Development, Vol. 85, 2014, p. 842-860.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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