A Lex-BFS-based recognition algorithm for Robinsonian matrices

Monique Laurent, M. Seminaroti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Robinsonian matrices arise in the classical seriation problem and play an important role in many applications where unsorted similarity (or dissimilarity) information must be reordered. We present a new polynomial time algorithm to recognize Robinsonian matrices based on a new characterization of Robinsonian matrices in terms of straight enumerations of unit interval graphs. The algorithm is simple and is based essentially on lexicographic breadth-first search (Lex-BFS), using a divide-and-conquer strategy. When applied to a nonnegative symmetric n×n matrix with m nonzero entries and given as a weighted adjacency list, it runs in O(d(n+m)) time, where d is the depth of the recursion tree, which is at most the number of distinct nonzero entries
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-165
JournalDiscrete Applied Mathematics
Publication statusPublished - May 2017


  • Robinson (dis)similarity
  • Unit interval graph
  • Lex-BFS
  • Seriation
  • Partition refinement
  • Straight enumeration


Dive into the research topics of 'A Lex-BFS-based recognition algorithm for Robinsonian matrices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this