A matter of context: A comparison of two types of contextualized personality measures

Djurre Holtrop*, Marise Ph Born, Anita de Vries, Reinout E. de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


The present study compared the effect of two types of Frame-of-Reference modifications to each other and to a baseline generic measure. Generic personality scales, tagged scales with 'at school', and completely modified scales were compared in their prediction of academic performance, counterproductive academic behavior, and participant reactions. To this end the HEXACO-PI-R (n = 215) and the MPT-BS (n = 316) were filled out by students in a within-subject design. Results showed a significant increase in criterion validity from generic, to tagged, to completely contextualized personality scales. Face validity and perceived predictive validity improved with increasing contextualization. The current study indicates that completely contextualizing personality items increases criterion validity more than just adding a tag to items.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-240
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Academic performance
  • Contextualization
  • Counterproductive academic behavior
  • Frame-of-Reference
  • Participant reactions
  • Personality


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