A Monte Carlo Evaluation of Maximum Likelihood Multidimensional Scaling Methods

T.H.A. Bijmolt, M. Wedel

Research output: Book/ReportReport

446 Downloads (Pure)


We compare three alternative Maximum Likelihood Multidimensional Scaling methods for pairwise dissimilarity ratings, namely MULTISCALE, MAXSCAL, and PROSCAL in a Monte Carlo study.The three MLMDS methods recover the true con gurations very well.The recovery of the true dimensionality depends on the test criterion (likelihood ratio test, AIC, or CAIC), as well as on the MLMDS method. The three MLMDS methods t the dissimilarity data equally well.The methods are relatively robust against violations of their distributional assumptions. MULTISCALE outperforms PROSCAL and MAXSCAL with respect to computation time.In a separate Monte Carlo study, it is shown that the MLMDS methods frequently converge to local optima, especially if a random start is used.Rational starts, however, turn out to provide a satisfactory solution for the local optima problem.Implications for researchers intending to apply MLMDS are provided.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
Number of pages49
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Publication series

NameFEW Research Memorandum


  • marketing
  • monte carlo technique
  • scaling


Dive into the research topics of 'A Monte Carlo Evaluation of Maximum Likelihood Multidimensional Scaling Methods'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this