A More Elevated Patriotism: The Emergence of International and Comparative Law (Nineteenth Century)

Martti Koskenniemi, Ville Petteri Kari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


This chapter explores the origins of the disciplines of international and comparative law in nineteenth-century Europe. It charts in broad terms the emergence of comparative studies of law in France, Germany, Britain, and elsewhere among jurists and scholars who sought to deploy the language of law in the service of both universal and domestic 'civilization'. In an age of rapid societal, economic, constitutional, and technological change, a progressive spirit of development of the law in all its dimensions thrived in a constant intercourse between the national, colonial, and international legal spheres of thought. Later in the century, various specialized branches of cosmopolitan legal studies including international law and comparative law branched off to their own academic and institutional fields. These nonetheless continued to share many ideas about universal justice, the liberal ideals, the role of Europe in the world, and other matters.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of European Legal History
EditorsHeikki Pihlajamäki, Markus D. Dubber, Mark Godfrey
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages26
ISBN (Print)9780198785521
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • 513 Law


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