A multi-lab pre-registered replication of the ego-depletion effect

M. S. Hagger, N. L. D. Chatzisarantis, H. Alberts, C. O. Anggono, C. Batailler, A Birt, R Brand, M.J. Brandt, G Brewer, S Bruyneel, D Calvillo, W Campbell, P Cannon, M Carlucci, N Carruth, T Cheung, A Crowell, D Ridder, S Dewitte, M Elson & 44 others J R Evans, B A Fay, B M Fennis, A Finley, Z Francis, E Heise, H Hoemann, M Inzlicht, S Koole, L Koppel, F Kroese, F Lange, K Lau, B P Lynch, C Martijn, H Merckelbach, N V Mills, A Michirev, A Miyake, A E Mosser, M Muise, D Muller, M Muzi, D Nalis, R Nurwanti,, H Otgaar, M Philipp, P Primoceri, K Rentzsch, L Ringos, C Schlinkert, B J Schmeichel, S F Schoch, M Schrama, A Schütz, A Stamos, G Tinghög, J Ullrich, M vanDellen, S Wimbarti, W Wolff, C Yusainy, O Zerhouni, M Zwienenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Good self-control has been linked to adaptive outcomes such as better health, cohesive personal relationships, success in the workplace and at school, and less susceptibility to crime and addictions. In contrast, self-control failure is linked to maladaptive outcomes. Understanding the mechanisms by which self-control predicts behavior may assist in promoting better regulation and outcomes. A popular approach to understanding self-control is the strength or resource depletion model. Self-control is conceptualized as a limited resource that becomes depleted after a period of exertion resulting in self-control failure. The model has typically been tested using a sequential-task experimental paradigm, in which people completing an initial self-control task have reduced self-control capacity and poorer performance on a subsequent task, a state known as ego depletion. Although a meta-analysis of ego-depletion experiments found a medium-sized effect, subsequent meta-analyses have questioned the size and existence of the effect and identified instances of possible bias. The analyses served as a catalyst for the current Registered Replication Report of the ego-depletion effect. Multiple laboratories (k = 23, total N = 2,141) conducted replications of a standardized ego-depletion protocol based on a sequential-task paradigm by Sripada et al. Meta-analysis of the studies revealed that the size of the ego-depletion effect was small with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) that encompassed zero (d = 0.04, 95% CI [−0.07, 0.15]. We discuss implications of the findings for the ego-depletion effect and the resource depletion model of self-control.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-573
JournalPerspectives on Psychological Science
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L. D., Alberts, H., Anggono, C. O., Batailler, C., Birt, A., ... Zwienenberg, M. (2016). A multi-lab pre-registered replication of the ego-depletion effect. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11(4), 546-573. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616652873
Hagger, M. S. ; Chatzisarantis, N. L. D. ; Alberts, H. ; Anggono, C. O. ; Batailler, C. ; Birt, A ; Brand, R ; Brandt, M.J. ; Brewer, G ; Bruyneel, S ; Calvillo, D ; Campbell, W ; Cannon, P ; Carlucci, M ; Carruth, N ; Cheung, T ; Crowell, A ; Ridder, D ; Dewitte, S ; Elson, M ; Evans, J R ; Fay, B A ; Fennis, B M ; Finley, A ; Francis, Z ; Heise, E ; Hoemann, H ; Inzlicht, M ; Koole, S ; Koppel, L ; Kroese, F ; Lange, F ; Lau, K ; Lynch, B P ; Martijn, C ; Merckelbach, H ; Mills, N V ; Michirev, A ; Miyake, A ; Mosser, A E ; Muise, M ; Muller, D ; Muzi, M ; Nalis, D ; Nurwanti, R ; Otgaar, H ; Philipp, M ; Primoceri, P ; Rentzsch, K ; Ringos, L ; Schlinkert, C ; Schmeichel, B J ; Schoch, S F ; Schrama, M ; Schütz, A ; Stamos, A ; Tinghög, G ; Ullrich, J ; vanDellen, M ; Wimbarti, S ; Wolff, W ; Yusainy, C ; Zerhouni, O ; Zwienenberg, M. / A multi-lab pre-registered replication of the ego-depletion effect. In: Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 4. pp. 546-573.
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Hagger, MS, Chatzisarantis, NLD, Alberts, H, Anggono, CO, Batailler, C, Birt, A, Brand, R, Brandt, MJ, Brewer, G, Bruyneel, S, Calvillo, D, Campbell, W, Cannon, P, Carlucci, M, Carruth, N, Cheung, T, Crowell, A, Ridder, D, Dewitte, S, Elson, M, Evans, JR, Fay, BA, Fennis, BM, Finley, A, Francis, Z, Heise, E, Hoemann, H, Inzlicht, M, Koole, S, Koppel, L, Kroese, F, Lange, F, Lau, K, Lynch, BP, Martijn, C, Merckelbach, H, Mills, NV, Michirev, A, Miyake, A, Mosser, AE, Muise, M, Muller, D, Muzi, M, Nalis, D, Nurwanti, R, Otgaar, H, Philipp, M, Primoceri, P, Rentzsch, K, Ringos, L, Schlinkert, C, Schmeichel, BJ, Schoch, SF, Schrama, M, Schütz, A, Stamos, A, Tinghög, G, Ullrich, J, vanDellen, M, Wimbarti, S, Wolff, W, Yusainy, C, Zerhouni, O & Zwienenberg, M 2016, 'A multi-lab pre-registered replication of the ego-depletion effect' Perspectives on Psychological Science, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 546-573. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616652873

A multi-lab pre-registered replication of the ego-depletion effect. / Hagger, M. S.; Chatzisarantis, N. L. D. ; Alberts, H.; Anggono, C. O. ; Batailler, C.; Birt, A; Brand, R; Brandt, M.J.; Brewer, G; Bruyneel, S; Calvillo, D; Campbell, W; Cannon, P; Carlucci, M; Carruth, N; Cheung, T; Crowell, A; Ridder, D; Dewitte, S; Elson, M; Evans, J R ; Fay, B A; Fennis, B M; Finley, A; Francis, Z; Heise, E; Hoemann, H; Inzlicht, M; Koole, S; Koppel, L; Kroese, F; Lange, F; Lau, K; Lynch, B P; Martijn, C; Merckelbach, H; Mills, N V; Michirev, A; Miyake, A; Mosser, A E; Muise, M; Muller, D; Muzi, M; Nalis, D; Nurwanti, R; Otgaar, H; Philipp, M; Primoceri, P; Rentzsch, K; Ringos, L; Schlinkert, C; Schmeichel, B J; Schoch, S F; Schrama, M; Schütz, A; Stamos, A; Tinghög, G; Ullrich, J; vanDellen, M; Wimbarti, S; Wolff, W; Yusainy, C; Zerhouni, O; Zwienenberg, M.

In: Perspectives on Psychological Science, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2016, p. 546-573.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A multi-lab pre-registered replication of the ego-depletion effect

AU - Hagger, M. S.

AU - Chatzisarantis, N. L. D.

AU - Alberts, H.

AU - Anggono, C. O.

AU - Batailler, C.

AU - Birt, A

AU - Brand, R

AU - Brandt, M.J.

AU - Brewer, G

AU - Bruyneel, S

AU - Calvillo, D

AU - Campbell, W

AU - Cannon, P

AU - Carlucci, M

AU - Carruth, N

AU - Cheung, T

AU - Crowell, A

AU - Ridder, D

AU - Dewitte, S

AU - Elson, M

AU - Evans, J R

AU - Fay, B A

AU - Fennis, B M

AU - Finley, A

AU - Francis, Z

AU - Heise, E

AU - Hoemann, H

AU - Inzlicht, M

AU - Koole, S

AU - Koppel, L

AU - Kroese, F

AU - Lange, F

AU - Lau, K

AU - Lynch, B P

AU - Martijn, C

AU - Merckelbach, H

AU - Mills, N V

AU - Michirev, A

AU - Miyake, A

AU - Mosser, A E

AU - Muise, M

AU - Muller, D

AU - Muzi, M

AU - Nalis, D

AU - Nurwanti,, R

AU - Otgaar, H

AU - Philipp, M

AU - Primoceri, P

AU - Rentzsch, K

AU - Ringos, L

AU - Schlinkert, C

AU - Schmeichel, B J

AU - Schoch, S F

AU - Schrama, M

AU - Schütz, A

AU - Stamos, A

AU - Tinghög, G

AU - Ullrich, J

AU - vanDellen, M

AU - Wimbarti, S

AU - Wolff, W

AU - Yusainy, C

AU - Zerhouni, O

AU - Zwienenberg, M

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Good self-control has been linked to adaptive outcomes such as better health, cohesive personal relationships, success in the workplace and at school, and less susceptibility to crime and addictions. In contrast, self-control failure is linked to maladaptive outcomes. Understanding the mechanisms by which self-control predicts behavior may assist in promoting better regulation and outcomes. A popular approach to understanding self-control is the strength or resource depletion model. Self-control is conceptualized as a limited resource that becomes depleted after a period of exertion resulting in self-control failure. The model has typically been tested using a sequential-task experimental paradigm, in which people completing an initial self-control task have reduced self-control capacity and poorer performance on a subsequent task, a state known as ego depletion. Although a meta-analysis of ego-depletion experiments found a medium-sized effect, subsequent meta-analyses have questioned the size and existence of the effect and identified instances of possible bias. The analyses served as a catalyst for the current Registered Replication Report of the ego-depletion effect. Multiple laboratories (k = 23, total N = 2,141) conducted replications of a standardized ego-depletion protocol based on a sequential-task paradigm by Sripada et al. Meta-analysis of the studies revealed that the size of the ego-depletion effect was small with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) that encompassed zero (d = 0.04, 95% CI [−0.07, 0.15]. We discuss implications of the findings for the ego-depletion effect and the resource depletion model of self-control.

AB - Good self-control has been linked to adaptive outcomes such as better health, cohesive personal relationships, success in the workplace and at school, and less susceptibility to crime and addictions. In contrast, self-control failure is linked to maladaptive outcomes. Understanding the mechanisms by which self-control predicts behavior may assist in promoting better regulation and outcomes. A popular approach to understanding self-control is the strength or resource depletion model. Self-control is conceptualized as a limited resource that becomes depleted after a period of exertion resulting in self-control failure. The model has typically been tested using a sequential-task experimental paradigm, in which people completing an initial self-control task have reduced self-control capacity and poorer performance on a subsequent task, a state known as ego depletion. Although a meta-analysis of ego-depletion experiments found a medium-sized effect, subsequent meta-analyses have questioned the size and existence of the effect and identified instances of possible bias. The analyses served as a catalyst for the current Registered Replication Report of the ego-depletion effect. Multiple laboratories (k = 23, total N = 2,141) conducted replications of a standardized ego-depletion protocol based on a sequential-task paradigm by Sripada et al. Meta-analysis of the studies revealed that the size of the ego-depletion effect was small with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) that encompassed zero (d = 0.04, 95% CI [−0.07, 0.15]. We discuss implications of the findings for the ego-depletion effect and the resource depletion model of self-control.

U2 - 10.1177/1745691616652873

DO - 10.1177/1745691616652873

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 546

EP - 573

JO - Perspectives on Psychological Science

JF - Perspectives on Psychological Science

SN - 1745-6916

IS - 4

ER -

Hagger MS, Chatzisarantis NLD, Alberts H, Anggono CO, Batailler C, Birt A et al. A multi-lab pre-registered replication of the ego-depletion effect. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2016;11(4):546-573. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616652873