The Gram dimension gd(G) of a graph G is the smallest integer k≥1 such that any partial real symmetric matrix, whose entries are specified on the diagonal and at the off-diagonal positions corresponding to edges of G , can be completed to a positive semidefinite matrix of rank at most k (assuming a positive semidefinite completion exists). For any fixed k the class of graphs satisfying gd(G)≤k is minor closed, hence it can be characterized by a finite list of forbidden minors. We show that the only minimal forbidden minor is Kk+1 for k≤3 and that there are two minimal forbidden minors: K5 and K2,2,2 for k=4 . We also show some close connections to Euclidean realizations of graphs and to the graph parameter ν=(G) of van der Holst (Combinatorica 23(4):633–651, 2003). In particular, our characterization of the graphs with gd(G)≤4 implies the forbidden minor characterization of the 3-realizable graphs of Belk (Discret Comput Geom 37:139–162, 2007) and Belk and Connelly (Discret Comput Geom 37:125–137, 2007) and of the graphs with ν=(G)≤4 of van der Holst (Combinatorica 23(4):633–651, 2003).
|Early online date||16 Feb 2013|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2014|