A sweeter win: When others help us outperform them

W.G. de Waal-Andrews, I. van Beest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

To succeed in today's workplaces, people often need to outperform the personS who helped them succeed. In three studies we assessed how doing so affects well-being, prosocial behavior and social perceptions. In the first two studies participants took part in a competitive version of a virtual ball-toss game, with different financial incentives in each study. Depending on condition participants either obtained the majority of the ball tosses or almost no ball tosses. Importantly, participants either "earned" this outcome as a result of their own performance or were "granted" this outcome as a result of the performance of the other players. Study 3 featured the same conditions and a combination of the incentives. However, participants now observed one of the games and rated the anticipated reaction of a focal player. The results revealed that (1) winning was better than losing, (2) especially when people's win was granted to them and less so when they earned it for themselves, (3) which resulted in higher well-being and prosocial behavior, and also maintained meta-perceptions and other-perceptions of competence and enhanced meta-perceptions and other-perceptions of warmth. These results advance theories on interpersonal competition, social comparison, and in/exclusion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-230
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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well-being
incentive
social cognition
Workplace
Mental Competency
performance
exclusion
workplace
human being

Keywords

  • AFFECTIVE CONSEQUENCES
  • Belonging
  • COMPARISON TARGET
  • COMPETENCE
  • EGOCENTRIC BIAS
  • FEAR
  • Interpersonal competition
  • LOOKING-GLASS SELF
  • OSTRACISM
  • Ostracism
  • PERFORMANCE
  • SOCIAL EXCLUSION
  • SUCCESS
  • Social cognition
  • Social comparison
  • Social perception

Cite this

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title = "A sweeter win: When others help us outperform them",
abstract = "To succeed in today's workplaces, people often need to outperform the personS who helped them succeed. In three studies we assessed how doing so affects well-being, prosocial behavior and social perceptions. In the first two studies participants took part in a competitive version of a virtual ball-toss game, with different financial incentives in each study. Depending on condition participants either obtained the majority of the ball tosses or almost no ball tosses. Importantly, participants either {"}earned{"} this outcome as a result of their own performance or were {"}granted{"} this outcome as a result of the performance of the other players. Study 3 featured the same conditions and a combination of the incentives. However, participants now observed one of the games and rated the anticipated reaction of a focal player. The results revealed that (1) winning was better than losing, (2) especially when people's win was granted to them and less so when they earned it for themselves, (3) which resulted in higher well-being and prosocial behavior, and also maintained meta-perceptions and other-perceptions of competence and enhanced meta-perceptions and other-perceptions of warmth. These results advance theories on interpersonal competition, social comparison, and in/exclusion.",
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A sweeter win : When others help us outperform them. / de Waal-Andrews, W.G.; van Beest, I.

In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 74, 2018, p. 218-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - van Beest, I.

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AB - To succeed in today's workplaces, people often need to outperform the personS who helped them succeed. In three studies we assessed how doing so affects well-being, prosocial behavior and social perceptions. In the first two studies participants took part in a competitive version of a virtual ball-toss game, with different financial incentives in each study. Depending on condition participants either obtained the majority of the ball tosses or almost no ball tosses. Importantly, participants either "earned" this outcome as a result of their own performance or were "granted" this outcome as a result of the performance of the other players. Study 3 featured the same conditions and a combination of the incentives. However, participants now observed one of the games and rated the anticipated reaction of a focal player. The results revealed that (1) winning was better than losing, (2) especially when people's win was granted to them and less so when they earned it for themselves, (3) which resulted in higher well-being and prosocial behavior, and also maintained meta-perceptions and other-perceptions of competence and enhanced meta-perceptions and other-perceptions of warmth. These results advance theories on interpersonal competition, social comparison, and in/exclusion.

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