A three-generation study of acculturation and identity of the Russian minority in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania

V. Galyapina, Nadezhda Lebedeva, Fons van de Vijver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examines relationships between social identities and acculturation strategies of Russians (the ethnic minority) in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (RNO-A). The sample included 109 grandparent-parent-adolescent triads from ethnically Russian families (N = 327). We assessed acculturation strategies, ethnic and national identities (identification with the Russian Federation), republican identity (with the RNO-A), regional identity (with North Caucasus), and religious identity. EFA combined five identities in two factors, labeled Russian ethnocultural identity (comprising ethnic, national, and religious identities) and North-Caucasian regional identity (comprising identities involving the republic and region). The means of the identity factors remained remarkably stable across generations, with a somewhat stronger Russian ethnocultural identity. A structural equation model revealed that Russian ethnocultural identity was a negative predictor of assimilation (the least preferred acculturation strategy), whereas North-Caucasian regional identity was a positive predictor of integration (the most preferred strategy) in all generations. We concluded that Russian ethnocultural identity is important for maintaining the heritage culture whereas North-Caucasian regional identity promotes participation of ethnic Russians in the multicultural North-Ossetian society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)976-992
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

Keywords

  • ETHNIC-IDENTITY
  • GENERATIONAL-DIFFERENCES
  • GROUP IDENTIFICATION
  • INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS
  • INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION
  • NATIONAL IDENTITY
  • North Caucasus
  • PERCEIVED DISCRIMINATION
  • RELIGIOUS IDENTITY
  • TURKISH-DUTCH MUSLIMS
  • VIETNAMESE ADOLESCENTS
  • assimilation
  • ethnic Russian minority
  • generation
  • integration
  • social identity

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