Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury: a cross-national study of community samples from Italy, the Netherlands and the United States

Matteo Giletta, Ron H J Scholte, Rutger C M E Engels, Silvia Ciairano, Mitchell J Prinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This study examined rates and correlates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) across three non-clinical adolescent samples from different countries. Surveys were administered to 1862 adolescents (M(age)=15.69, S.D.=0.87) from Italy (n=827), the Netherlands (n=675), and United States (n=360), including measures of NSSI, substance use, internal (i.e., depressive symptoms, loneliness), and interpersonal factors (i.e., peer victimization, peer preference). After controlling for socio-demographic differences, similar prevalence of NSSI was found across the three samples, with approximately 24% of the adolescents reporting at least one NSSI episode within the last year. Multivariate logistic regressions showed that adolescents' victimization and higher levels of depressive symptoms and family-related loneliness were associated concurrently with NSSI comparably in all three samples. However, multi-group analyses indicated that the association between NSSI and substance use varied significantly across samples, indicating that NSSI related more strongly to substance use (i.e., cigarette smoking and frequent marijuana use) in the sample from the United States rather than the samples from the Netherlands and Italy. Findings provide evidence of NSSI and suggest high similarities in rates and correlates across samples from different countries. Future research should further explore NSSI cross-nationally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-72
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume197
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Netherlands
Italy
Wounds and Injuries
Loneliness
Crime Victims
Depression
Logistic Models

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Depression
  • Family Health
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Logistic Models
  • Loneliness
  • Male
  • Netherlands
  • Peer Group
  • Prevalence
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Self-Injurious Behavior
  • Substance-Related Disorders
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States
  • Young Adult

Cite this

Giletta, Matteo ; Scholte, Ron H J ; Engels, Rutger C M E ; Ciairano, Silvia ; Prinstein, Mitchell J. / Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury : a cross-national study of community samples from Italy, the Netherlands and the United States. In: Psychiatry Research. 2012 ; Vol. 197, No. 1-2. pp. 66-72.
@article{61acfdc5807b49e1a78206b48386a962,
title = "Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury: a cross-national study of community samples from Italy, the Netherlands and the United States",
abstract = "This study examined rates and correlates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) across three non-clinical adolescent samples from different countries. Surveys were administered to 1862 adolescents (M(age)=15.69, S.D.=0.87) from Italy (n=827), the Netherlands (n=675), and United States (n=360), including measures of NSSI, substance use, internal (i.e., depressive symptoms, loneliness), and interpersonal factors (i.e., peer victimization, peer preference). After controlling for socio-demographic differences, similar prevalence of NSSI was found across the three samples, with approximately 24{\%} of the adolescents reporting at least one NSSI episode within the last year. Multivariate logistic regressions showed that adolescents' victimization and higher levels of depressive symptoms and family-related loneliness were associated concurrently with NSSI comparably in all three samples. However, multi-group analyses indicated that the association between NSSI and substance use varied significantly across samples, indicating that NSSI related more strongly to substance use (i.e., cigarette smoking and frequent marijuana use) in the sample from the United States rather than the samples from the Netherlands and Italy. Findings provide evidence of NSSI and suggest high similarities in rates and correlates across samples from different countries. Future research should further explore NSSI cross-nationally.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Cross-Over Studies, Depression, Family Health, Female, Humans, Italy, Logistic Models, Loneliness, Male, Netherlands, Peer Group, Prevalence, Residence Characteristics, Self-Injurious Behavior, Substance-Related Disorders, Surveys and Questionnaires, United States, Young Adult",
author = "Matteo Giletta and Scholte, {Ron H J} and Engels, {Rutger C M E} and Silvia Ciairano and Prinstein, {Mitchell J}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2012.02.009",
language = "English",
volume = "197",
pages = "66--72",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "1-2",

}

Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury : a cross-national study of community samples from Italy, the Netherlands and the United States. / Giletta, Matteo; Scholte, Ron H J; Engels, Rutger C M E; Ciairano, Silvia; Prinstein, Mitchell J.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 197, No. 1-2, 2012, p. 66-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury

T2 - a cross-national study of community samples from Italy, the Netherlands and the United States

AU - Giletta, Matteo

AU - Scholte, Ron H J

AU - Engels, Rutger C M E

AU - Ciairano, Silvia

AU - Prinstein, Mitchell J

N1 - Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - This study examined rates and correlates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) across three non-clinical adolescent samples from different countries. Surveys were administered to 1862 adolescents (M(age)=15.69, S.D.=0.87) from Italy (n=827), the Netherlands (n=675), and United States (n=360), including measures of NSSI, substance use, internal (i.e., depressive symptoms, loneliness), and interpersonal factors (i.e., peer victimization, peer preference). After controlling for socio-demographic differences, similar prevalence of NSSI was found across the three samples, with approximately 24% of the adolescents reporting at least one NSSI episode within the last year. Multivariate logistic regressions showed that adolescents' victimization and higher levels of depressive symptoms and family-related loneliness were associated concurrently with NSSI comparably in all three samples. However, multi-group analyses indicated that the association between NSSI and substance use varied significantly across samples, indicating that NSSI related more strongly to substance use (i.e., cigarette smoking and frequent marijuana use) in the sample from the United States rather than the samples from the Netherlands and Italy. Findings provide evidence of NSSI and suggest high similarities in rates and correlates across samples from different countries. Future research should further explore NSSI cross-nationally.

AB - This study examined rates and correlates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) across three non-clinical adolescent samples from different countries. Surveys were administered to 1862 adolescents (M(age)=15.69, S.D.=0.87) from Italy (n=827), the Netherlands (n=675), and United States (n=360), including measures of NSSI, substance use, internal (i.e., depressive symptoms, loneliness), and interpersonal factors (i.e., peer victimization, peer preference). After controlling for socio-demographic differences, similar prevalence of NSSI was found across the three samples, with approximately 24% of the adolescents reporting at least one NSSI episode within the last year. Multivariate logistic regressions showed that adolescents' victimization and higher levels of depressive symptoms and family-related loneliness were associated concurrently with NSSI comparably in all three samples. However, multi-group analyses indicated that the association between NSSI and substance use varied significantly across samples, indicating that NSSI related more strongly to substance use (i.e., cigarette smoking and frequent marijuana use) in the sample from the United States rather than the samples from the Netherlands and Italy. Findings provide evidence of NSSI and suggest high similarities in rates and correlates across samples from different countries. Future research should further explore NSSI cross-nationally.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Cross-Cultural Comparison

KW - Cross-Over Studies

KW - Depression

KW - Family Health

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Italy

KW - Logistic Models

KW - Loneliness

KW - Male

KW - Netherlands

KW - Peer Group

KW - Prevalence

KW - Residence Characteristics

KW - Self-Injurious Behavior

KW - Substance-Related Disorders

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - United States

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.02.009

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.02.009

M3 - Article

C2 - 22436348

VL - 197

SP - 66

EP - 72

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

IS - 1-2

ER -