Adolescents' beliefs, attitudes and social norms with regard to smoking and sports: A qualitative study

I. G. Olsen*, Heike Garritsen, Ien van de Goor, A.E. Kunst, Andrea Rozema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives:
The aim of this study is to explore the beliefs, attitudes and social norms of Dutch adolescents with regard to smoking and sports. In addition, we examine whether there are differences between adolescents at sports clubs with versus without an outdoor smoke-free policy (SFP).

Design:
Qualitative design in the form of focus group interviews.

Setting:
Focus group interviews (n=27) were conducted at 16 sports clubs in the Netherlands. Soccer, tennis, field hockey and korfball clubs were included. Focus group discussions were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically using MAXQDA.

Participants:
180 adolescents aged 13–18 years old were included in the study. All participants signed an informed consent form. For participants younger than 16 years, parental consent was required.

Results:
With respect to smoking in relation to sports, participants had mostly negative beliefs (ie, smoking has a negative effect on health and sports performance), attitudes (ie, sports and smoking are activities that do not fit together; at sports clubs smoking is not appropriate), and social norms (ie, it is not normal to smoke at sports clubs). The same beliefs, attitudes and social norms were expressed by participants at both sports clubs with and without an outdoor SFP. However, argumentation against smoking was more detailed and more consistent among participants at sports clubs with an outdoor SFP.

Conclusion:
Adolescents have negative beliefs, attitudes and social norms with regard to smoking in relationship to sports. Outdoor SFP at sports clubs might reinforce these negative associations. These findings point to the potential importance of sports in the prevention of adolescent smoking.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere046613
Number of pages7
JournalBMJ Open
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • ALCOHOL
  • CIGARETTE-SMOKING
  • HEALTH BEHAVIORS
  • HIGH-SCHOOL
  • ILLICIT DRUG-USE
  • PARTICIPATION
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • TOBACCO
  • YOUNG
  • YOUTH
  • public health
  • qualitative research
  • social medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Adolescents' beliefs, attitudes and social norms with regard to smoking and sports: A qualitative study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this