Adolescents' Loneliness and Depression Associated with Friendship Experiences and Well-Being

Annette W M Spithoven, G.M.A. Lodder, Luc Goossens, Patricia Bijttebier, Margot Bastin, Maaike Verhagen, Ron H J Scholte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Loneliness and depressive symptoms are distinct, but partly overlapping constructs. The current study examined whether clusters of loneliness and depressive symptoms could be identified through latent profile analysis in two samples of 417 and 1140 adolescents (48.40 and 48.68 % male, respectively), on average 12.47 and 12.81 years old, respectively. Four clusters were identified, (1) low on loneliness and depressive symptoms, (2) low on loneliness and high on depressive symptoms, (3) high on loneliness and low on depressive symptoms, and (4) high on loneliness and depressive symptoms. We found that these four clusters were differentially related to friendship quantity and quality as well as to happiness and self-esteem. The current study stresses the importance of assessing both loneliness and depressive symptoms, as their mutual relation within individuals is differentially related to various aspects of adjustment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-441
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Loneliness
happiness
friendship
self-esteem
well-being
Depression
adolescent
experience
Happiness

Keywords

  • Loneliness
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Friendships
  • Self-esteem
  • Happiness
  • Cluster
  • Adolescents
  • SELF-ESTEEM
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • YOUNG ADULTHOOD
  • LIFE-SPAN
  • HAPPINESS
  • PERSPECTIVE
  • ADJUSTMENT
  • SCALE

Cite this

Spithoven, A. W. M., Lodder, G. M. A., Goossens, L., Bijttebier, P., Bastin, M., Verhagen, M., & Scholte, R. H. J. (2017). Adolescents' Loneliness and Depression Associated with Friendship Experiences and Well-Being. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(2), 429-441. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0478-2
Spithoven, Annette W M ; Lodder, G.M.A. ; Goossens, Luc ; Bijttebier, Patricia ; Bastin, Margot ; Verhagen, Maaike ; Scholte, Ron H J. / Adolescents' Loneliness and Depression Associated with Friendship Experiences and Well-Being. In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2017 ; Vol. 46, No. 2. pp. 429-441.
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Spithoven, AWM, Lodder, GMA, Goossens, L, Bijttebier, P, Bastin, M, Verhagen, M & Scholte, RHJ 2017, 'Adolescents' Loneliness and Depression Associated with Friendship Experiences and Well-Being', Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 429-441. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0478-2

Adolescents' Loneliness and Depression Associated with Friendship Experiences and Well-Being. / Spithoven, Annette W M; Lodder, G.M.A.; Goossens, Luc; Bijttebier, Patricia; Bastin, Margot; Verhagen, Maaike; Scholte, Ron H J.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 46, No. 2, 02.2017, p. 429-441.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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