Age and gender differences in self-esteem

A cross-cultural window

Wiebke Bleidorn, R.C. Arslan, J.J.A. Denissen, P.J. Rentfrow, J.E. Gebauer, J. Potter, S.D. Gosling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Research and theorizing on gender and age differences in self-esteem have played a prominent role in psychology over the past 20 years. However, virtually all empirical research has been undertaken in the United States or other Western industrialized countries, providing a narrow empirical base from which to draw conclusions and develop theory. To broaden the empirical base, the present research uses a large Internet sample (N = 985,937) to provide the first large-scale systematic cross-cultural examination of gender and age differences in self-esteem. Across 48 nations, and consistent with previous research, we found age-related increases in self-esteem from late adolescence to middle adulthood and significant gender gaps, with males consistently reporting higher self-esteem than females. Despite these broad cross-cultural similarities, the cultures differed significantly in the magnitude of gender, age, and Gender × Age effects on self-esteem. These differences were associated with cultural differences in socioeconomic, sociodemographic, gender-equality, and cultural value indicators. Discussion focuses on the theoretical implications of cross-cultural research on self-esteem.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-410
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume111
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

age difference
self-esteem
gender-specific factors
gender
Developed Countries
cultural difference
adulthood
adolescence
empirical research
equality
psychology
Internet
examination
Values

Cite this

Bleidorn, W., Arslan, R. C., Denissen, J. J. A., Rentfrow, P. J., Gebauer, J. E., Potter, J., & Gosling, S. D. (2016). Age and gender differences in self-esteem: A cross-cultural window. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 111(3), 396-410. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000078
Bleidorn, Wiebke ; Arslan, R.C. ; Denissen, J.J.A. ; Rentfrow, P.J. ; Gebauer, J.E. ; Potter, J. ; Gosling, S.D. / Age and gender differences in self-esteem : A cross-cultural window. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2016 ; Vol. 111, No. 3. pp. 396-410.
@article{8517be3de6554e96b0596709defc8b87,
title = "Age and gender differences in self-esteem: A cross-cultural window",
abstract = "Research and theorizing on gender and age differences in self-esteem have played a prominent role in psychology over the past 20 years. However, virtually all empirical research has been undertaken in the United States or other Western industrialized countries, providing a narrow empirical base from which to draw conclusions and develop theory. To broaden the empirical base, the present research uses a large Internet sample (N = 985,937) to provide the first large-scale systematic cross-cultural examination of gender and age differences in self-esteem. Across 48 nations, and consistent with previous research, we found age-related increases in self-esteem from late adolescence to middle adulthood and significant gender gaps, with males consistently reporting higher self-esteem than females. Despite these broad cross-cultural similarities, the cultures differed significantly in the magnitude of gender, age, and Gender × Age effects on self-esteem. These differences were associated with cultural differences in socioeconomic, sociodemographic, gender-equality, and cultural value indicators. Discussion focuses on the theoretical implications of cross-cultural research on self-esteem.",
author = "Wiebke Bleidorn and R.C. Arslan and J.J.A. Denissen and P.J. Rentfrow and J.E. Gebauer and J. Potter and S.D. Gosling",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1037/pspp0000078",
language = "English",
volume = "111",
pages = "396--410",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC",
number = "3",

}

Bleidorn, W, Arslan, RC, Denissen, JJA, Rentfrow, PJ, Gebauer, JE, Potter, J & Gosling, SD 2016, 'Age and gender differences in self-esteem: A cross-cultural window', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 111, no. 3, pp. 396-410. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000078

Age and gender differences in self-esteem : A cross-cultural window. / Bleidorn, Wiebke; Arslan, R.C.; Denissen, J.J.A.; Rentfrow, P.J.; Gebauer, J.E.; Potter, J.; Gosling, S.D.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 111, No. 3, 2016, p. 396-410.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Age and gender differences in self-esteem

T2 - A cross-cultural window

AU - Bleidorn, Wiebke

AU - Arslan, R.C.

AU - Denissen, J.J.A.

AU - Rentfrow, P.J.

AU - Gebauer, J.E.

AU - Potter, J.

AU - Gosling, S.D.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Research and theorizing on gender and age differences in self-esteem have played a prominent role in psychology over the past 20 years. However, virtually all empirical research has been undertaken in the United States or other Western industrialized countries, providing a narrow empirical base from which to draw conclusions and develop theory. To broaden the empirical base, the present research uses a large Internet sample (N = 985,937) to provide the first large-scale systematic cross-cultural examination of gender and age differences in self-esteem. Across 48 nations, and consistent with previous research, we found age-related increases in self-esteem from late adolescence to middle adulthood and significant gender gaps, with males consistently reporting higher self-esteem than females. Despite these broad cross-cultural similarities, the cultures differed significantly in the magnitude of gender, age, and Gender × Age effects on self-esteem. These differences were associated with cultural differences in socioeconomic, sociodemographic, gender-equality, and cultural value indicators. Discussion focuses on the theoretical implications of cross-cultural research on self-esteem.

AB - Research and theorizing on gender and age differences in self-esteem have played a prominent role in psychology over the past 20 years. However, virtually all empirical research has been undertaken in the United States or other Western industrialized countries, providing a narrow empirical base from which to draw conclusions and develop theory. To broaden the empirical base, the present research uses a large Internet sample (N = 985,937) to provide the first large-scale systematic cross-cultural examination of gender and age differences in self-esteem. Across 48 nations, and consistent with previous research, we found age-related increases in self-esteem from late adolescence to middle adulthood and significant gender gaps, with males consistently reporting higher self-esteem than females. Despite these broad cross-cultural similarities, the cultures differed significantly in the magnitude of gender, age, and Gender × Age effects on self-esteem. These differences were associated with cultural differences in socioeconomic, sociodemographic, gender-equality, and cultural value indicators. Discussion focuses on the theoretical implications of cross-cultural research on self-esteem.

U2 - 10.1037/pspp0000078

DO - 10.1037/pspp0000078

M3 - Article

VL - 111

SP - 396

EP - 410

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 3

ER -