Alcohol-specific parenting and adolescents' alcohol-related problems

The interacting role of alcohol availability at home and parental rules

Regina van den Eijnden*, Dike van de Mheen, Raymond Vet, Ad Vermulst

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: 

The first aim of this study was to gain more insight into the bi-directionality between alcohol-specific parental factors (i.e., parents' alcohol use, alcohol availability at home, parental rule setting, and frequency and quality of communication about alcohol) and adolescents' alcohol intake and alcohol-related problems. The second aim was to examine the relative impact of alcohol-specific parental factors on adolescents' alcohol intake and related problems by studying them in a comprehensive model. 

Method: 

A two-wave longitudinal study, with a 2-year interval, was conducted among a sample of 537 adolescents (56% girls) ages 12-15 years in The Netherlands. Under supervision of well-instructed teachers, students filled out questionnaires in a classroom setting. 

Results: 

The findings show that perceived alcohol availability at home was the only parenting factor predicting an increase in alcohol intake and alcohol-related problems among adolescents 2 years later. Cross-sectional findings, furthermore, suggest that the effect of alcohol availability on adolescents' alcohol-related problems disappears when adolescents perceive strict alcohol rules. In addition, results indicate that parents respond to their youngsters' experienced alcohol-related problems by engaging in more rigorous alcohol-specific parenting (e.g., by increasing alcohol-specific rules and decreasing alcohol availability at home). 

Conclusions: 

The findings emphasize that parent interventions aiming at the prevention of adolescents' alcohol use should include the advice to restrict the perceived presence of alcohol beverages at home. Moreover, to prevent alcohol problems, parents should be advised to enforce strict rules about drinking, particularly when a total absence of alcohol at home is not feasible. (.1 Stud. Alcohol Drugs, 72, 408-417, 2011,)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-417
JournalJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Volume72
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • SUBSTANCE USE
  • PROBLEM DRINKING
  • COMMUNICATION
  • BEHAVIOR
  • SMOKING
  • INVOLVEMENT
  • ENVIRONMENT
  • IMPACT

Cite this

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title = "Alcohol-specific parenting and adolescents' alcohol-related problems: The interacting role of alcohol availability at home and parental rules",
abstract = "Objective: The first aim of this study was to gain more insight into the bi-directionality between alcohol-specific parental factors (i.e., parents' alcohol use, alcohol availability at home, parental rule setting, and frequency and quality of communication about alcohol) and adolescents' alcohol intake and alcohol-related problems. The second aim was to examine the relative impact of alcohol-specific parental factors on adolescents' alcohol intake and related problems by studying them in a comprehensive model. Method: A two-wave longitudinal study, with a 2-year interval, was conducted among a sample of 537 adolescents (56{\%} girls) ages 12-15 years in The Netherlands. Under supervision of well-instructed teachers, students filled out questionnaires in a classroom setting. Results: The findings show that perceived alcohol availability at home was the only parenting factor predicting an increase in alcohol intake and alcohol-related problems among adolescents 2 years later. Cross-sectional findings, furthermore, suggest that the effect of alcohol availability on adolescents' alcohol-related problems disappears when adolescents perceive strict alcohol rules. In addition, results indicate that parents respond to their youngsters' experienced alcohol-related problems by engaging in more rigorous alcohol-specific parenting (e.g., by increasing alcohol-specific rules and decreasing alcohol availability at home). Conclusions: The findings emphasize that parent interventions aiming at the prevention of adolescents' alcohol use should include the advice to restrict the perceived presence of alcohol beverages at home. Moreover, to prevent alcohol problems, parents should be advised to enforce strict rules about drinking, particularly when a total absence of alcohol at home is not feasible. (.1 Stud. Alcohol Drugs, 72, 408-417, 2011,)",
keywords = "SUBSTANCE USE, PROBLEM DRINKING, COMMUNICATION, BEHAVIOR, SMOKING, INVOLVEMENT, ENVIRONMENT, IMPACT",
author = "{van den Eijnden}, Regina and {van de Mheen}, Dike and Raymond Vet and Ad Vermulst",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.15288/jsad.2011.72.408",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
pages = "408--417",
journal = "Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs",
issn = "1937-1888",
publisher = "ALCOHOL RES DOCUMENTATION INC CENT ALCOHOL STUD RUTGERS UNIV",
number = "3",

}

Alcohol-specific parenting and adolescents' alcohol-related problems : The interacting role of alcohol availability at home and parental rules. / van den Eijnden, Regina; van de Mheen, Dike; Vet, Raymond; Vermulst, Ad.

In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol. 72, No. 3, 2011, p. 408-417.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alcohol-specific parenting and adolescents' alcohol-related problems

T2 - The interacting role of alcohol availability at home and parental rules

AU - van den Eijnden, Regina

AU - van de Mheen, Dike

AU - Vet, Raymond

AU - Vermulst, Ad

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Objective: The first aim of this study was to gain more insight into the bi-directionality between alcohol-specific parental factors (i.e., parents' alcohol use, alcohol availability at home, parental rule setting, and frequency and quality of communication about alcohol) and adolescents' alcohol intake and alcohol-related problems. The second aim was to examine the relative impact of alcohol-specific parental factors on adolescents' alcohol intake and related problems by studying them in a comprehensive model. Method: A two-wave longitudinal study, with a 2-year interval, was conducted among a sample of 537 adolescents (56% girls) ages 12-15 years in The Netherlands. Under supervision of well-instructed teachers, students filled out questionnaires in a classroom setting. Results: The findings show that perceived alcohol availability at home was the only parenting factor predicting an increase in alcohol intake and alcohol-related problems among adolescents 2 years later. Cross-sectional findings, furthermore, suggest that the effect of alcohol availability on adolescents' alcohol-related problems disappears when adolescents perceive strict alcohol rules. In addition, results indicate that parents respond to their youngsters' experienced alcohol-related problems by engaging in more rigorous alcohol-specific parenting (e.g., by increasing alcohol-specific rules and decreasing alcohol availability at home). Conclusions: The findings emphasize that parent interventions aiming at the prevention of adolescents' alcohol use should include the advice to restrict the perceived presence of alcohol beverages at home. Moreover, to prevent alcohol problems, parents should be advised to enforce strict rules about drinking, particularly when a total absence of alcohol at home is not feasible. (.1 Stud. Alcohol Drugs, 72, 408-417, 2011,)

AB - Objective: The first aim of this study was to gain more insight into the bi-directionality between alcohol-specific parental factors (i.e., parents' alcohol use, alcohol availability at home, parental rule setting, and frequency and quality of communication about alcohol) and adolescents' alcohol intake and alcohol-related problems. The second aim was to examine the relative impact of alcohol-specific parental factors on adolescents' alcohol intake and related problems by studying them in a comprehensive model. Method: A two-wave longitudinal study, with a 2-year interval, was conducted among a sample of 537 adolescents (56% girls) ages 12-15 years in The Netherlands. Under supervision of well-instructed teachers, students filled out questionnaires in a classroom setting. Results: The findings show that perceived alcohol availability at home was the only parenting factor predicting an increase in alcohol intake and alcohol-related problems among adolescents 2 years later. Cross-sectional findings, furthermore, suggest that the effect of alcohol availability on adolescents' alcohol-related problems disappears when adolescents perceive strict alcohol rules. In addition, results indicate that parents respond to their youngsters' experienced alcohol-related problems by engaging in more rigorous alcohol-specific parenting (e.g., by increasing alcohol-specific rules and decreasing alcohol availability at home). Conclusions: The findings emphasize that parent interventions aiming at the prevention of adolescents' alcohol use should include the advice to restrict the perceived presence of alcohol beverages at home. Moreover, to prevent alcohol problems, parents should be advised to enforce strict rules about drinking, particularly when a total absence of alcohol at home is not feasible. (.1 Stud. Alcohol Drugs, 72, 408-417, 2011,)

KW - SUBSTANCE USE

KW - PROBLEM DRINKING

KW - COMMUNICATION

KW - BEHAVIOR

KW - SMOKING

KW - INVOLVEMENT

KW - ENVIRONMENT

KW - IMPACT

U2 - 10.15288/jsad.2011.72.408

DO - 10.15288/jsad.2011.72.408

M3 - Article

VL - 72

SP - 408

EP - 417

JO - Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

JF - Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

SN - 1937-1888

IS - 3

ER -