Alienation from work

Marxist ideologies and 21st century practice

A. Shantz, K. Alfes, C. Truss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This paper responds to calls for research that takes into consideration the broader ideologies underpinning the employment relationship within capitalist societies by building and testing a model of work alienation. We examine how three work-related factors identified originally by Karl Marx act as precursors of alienation, that is, a disconnection of oneself from work, that are experienced in the modern workplace, namely the extent to which voice behaviours are enacted, whether an individual perceives his or her skills to be used in the course of work, and a lack of perceived meaningfulness of work. Further, we investigate whether alienation leads to emotional exhaustion and stifles well-being. Data from 227 employees in a manufacturing organisation in the UK support this model, in that a lack of voice, person–job fit and meaningfulness lead to alienation at work, and emotional exhaustion and lower levels of well-being are its consequences. The present study demonstrates that alienation should be a focal point for human resource management scholars in the twenty-first century.
Keywords: alienation, emotional exhaustion, meaningfulness, person–job fit, voice, well-being
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2529-2550
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Volume25
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Human resource management
Personnel
Testing
Ideology
Alienation
Well-being
Emotional exhaustion
Person-job fit
Manufacturing organizations
Key words
Employees
Voice behavior
Factors
Karl Marx
Work place

Cite this

Shantz, A. ; Alfes, K. ; Truss, C. / Alienation from work : Marxist ideologies and 21st century practice. In: International Journal of Human Resource Management. 2014 ; Vol. 25, No. 18. pp. 2529-2550.
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Alienation from work : Marxist ideologies and 21st century practice. / Shantz, A.; Alfes, K.; Truss, C.

In: International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 25, No. 18, 2014, p. 2529-2550.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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