An empirical analysis and extension of the Bartlett and Ghoshal typology of multinational companies

AW Harzing*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

240 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study offers an empirical test and extension of the Bartlett and Ghoshal typology of multinational companies (MNCs) A three-fold typology of multinational companies: Global, Multidomestic and Transnational is developed from the literature. This typology is tested using data from 166 subsidiaries of 37 MNCs, headquartered in 9 different countries. Subsidiaries in the three types of MNCs are shown to differ significantly in aspects of interdependence and local responsiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-120
JournalJournal of International Business Studies (JIBS)
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • STRATEGY
  • CORPORATIONS

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