Announcing climate policy: Can a Green Paradox arise without scarcity?

Sjak A. Smulders, Y. Tsur, A. Zemel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

118 Citations (Scopus)


Unintended consequences of a pre-announced climate policy are studied within a framework that allows for competition between polluting and clean energy sources. We show that early announcement of a carbon tax gives rise to a “green-paradox,” in that it increases emissions in the interim period (between announcement and actual implementation), irrespective of the scarcity of fossil fuels. The paradoxical outcome is driven by consumption-saving tradeoffs facing households who seek to smooth consumption over time and holds both when the announced implementation date is taken as a credible threat and when households are skeptical about the (political) will or capability of the government to implement the policy as announced.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-376
JournalJournal of Environmental Economics and Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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