Anxiety and depressed mood in obese pregnant women: A prospective controlled cohort study

A.F.L. Bogaerts, R. Devlieger, E. Nuyts, I. Witters, W. Gyselaers, I. Guelinckx, B.R.H. Van den Bergh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background:
The psychological health in obese women during pregnancy has been poorly studied. Objective: To compare levels of anxiety and depressed mood during pregnancy in obese versus normal-weight women.
Methods:
63 obese pregnant women and 156 normal-weight controls were included prospectively before 15 weeks of gestation. Levels of state and trait anxiety and depressed mood were measured during the first, second and third trimester of pregnancy. A linear mixed-effect model with repeated measures was used to evaluate group differences.
Results:
The levels of state anxiety significantly increased from trimester 1 to trimester 3 in obese pregnant women (beta = 3.70; p = 0.007), while this parameter remained constant throughout pregnancy in normal-weight women. Levels of trait anxiety and depressed mood significantly decreased from trimester 1 to trimester 2 in controls, but not in obese pregnant women. Variables such as maternal education, ethnicity, marital state, psychological history and miscarriages, parity and smoking behaviour had significant effects on anxiety and/or depressed moods during pregnancy. Obese pregnant women show higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptomatology compared to normal-weight pregnant women.
Conclusion:
Interventional programmes aiming at preventing the deleterious influence of maternal obesity on perinatal outcomes should include a psycho-educational program specifically tailored to this high-risk group.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-164
JournalObesity Facts
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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mood
anxiety
pregnancy
Weights and Measures
Mothers
Parity
History
educational program
Education
smoking
ethnicity
Group
history
health
education

Cite this

Bogaerts, A. F. L., Devlieger, R., Nuyts, E., Witters, I., Gyselaers, W., Guelinckx, I., & Van den Bergh, B. R. H. (2013). Anxiety and depressed mood in obese pregnant women: A prospective controlled cohort study. Obesity Facts, 6(2), 152-164. https://doi.org/10.1159/000346315
Bogaerts, A.F.L. ; Devlieger, R. ; Nuyts, E. ; Witters, I. ; Gyselaers, W. ; Guelinckx, I. ; Van den Bergh, B.R.H. / Anxiety and depressed mood in obese pregnant women : A prospective controlled cohort study. In: Obesity Facts. 2013 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 152-164.
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abstract = "Background: The psychological health in obese women during pregnancy has been poorly studied. Objective: To compare levels of anxiety and depressed mood during pregnancy in obese versus normal-weight women. Methods: 63 obese pregnant women and 156 normal-weight controls were included prospectively before 15 weeks of gestation. Levels of state and trait anxiety and depressed mood were measured during the first, second and third trimester of pregnancy. A linear mixed-effect model with repeated measures was used to evaluate group differences. Results: The levels of state anxiety significantly increased from trimester 1 to trimester 3 in obese pregnant women (beta = 3.70; p = 0.007), while this parameter remained constant throughout pregnancy in normal-weight women. Levels of trait anxiety and depressed mood significantly decreased from trimester 1 to trimester 2 in controls, but not in obese pregnant women. Variables such as maternal education, ethnicity, marital state, psychological history and miscarriages, parity and smoking behaviour had significant effects on anxiety and/or depressed moods during pregnancy. Obese pregnant women show higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptomatology compared to normal-weight pregnant women. Conclusion: Interventional programmes aiming at preventing the deleterious influence of maternal obesity on perinatal outcomes should include a psycho-educational program specifically tailored to this high-risk group.",
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Bogaerts, AFL, Devlieger, R, Nuyts, E, Witters, I, Gyselaers, W, Guelinckx, I & Van den Bergh, BRH 2013, 'Anxiety and depressed mood in obese pregnant women: A prospective controlled cohort study', Obesity Facts, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 152-164. https://doi.org/10.1159/000346315

Anxiety and depressed mood in obese pregnant women : A prospective controlled cohort study. / Bogaerts, A.F.L.; Devlieger, R.; Nuyts, E.; Witters, I.; Gyselaers, W.; Guelinckx, I.; Van den Bergh, B.R.H.

In: Obesity Facts, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2013, p. 152-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Anxiety and depressed mood in obese pregnant women

T2 - A prospective controlled cohort study

AU - Bogaerts, A.F.L.

AU - Devlieger, R.

AU - Nuyts, E.

AU - Witters, I.

AU - Gyselaers, W.

AU - Guelinckx, I.

AU - Van den Bergh, B.R.H.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Background: The psychological health in obese women during pregnancy has been poorly studied. Objective: To compare levels of anxiety and depressed mood during pregnancy in obese versus normal-weight women. Methods: 63 obese pregnant women and 156 normal-weight controls were included prospectively before 15 weeks of gestation. Levels of state and trait anxiety and depressed mood were measured during the first, second and third trimester of pregnancy. A linear mixed-effect model with repeated measures was used to evaluate group differences. Results: The levels of state anxiety significantly increased from trimester 1 to trimester 3 in obese pregnant women (beta = 3.70; p = 0.007), while this parameter remained constant throughout pregnancy in normal-weight women. Levels of trait anxiety and depressed mood significantly decreased from trimester 1 to trimester 2 in controls, but not in obese pregnant women. Variables such as maternal education, ethnicity, marital state, psychological history and miscarriages, parity and smoking behaviour had significant effects on anxiety and/or depressed moods during pregnancy. Obese pregnant women show higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptomatology compared to normal-weight pregnant women. Conclusion: Interventional programmes aiming at preventing the deleterious influence of maternal obesity on perinatal outcomes should include a psycho-educational program specifically tailored to this high-risk group.

AB - Background: The psychological health in obese women during pregnancy has been poorly studied. Objective: To compare levels of anxiety and depressed mood during pregnancy in obese versus normal-weight women. Methods: 63 obese pregnant women and 156 normal-weight controls were included prospectively before 15 weeks of gestation. Levels of state and trait anxiety and depressed mood were measured during the first, second and third trimester of pregnancy. A linear mixed-effect model with repeated measures was used to evaluate group differences. Results: The levels of state anxiety significantly increased from trimester 1 to trimester 3 in obese pregnant women (beta = 3.70; p = 0.007), while this parameter remained constant throughout pregnancy in normal-weight women. Levels of trait anxiety and depressed mood significantly decreased from trimester 1 to trimester 2 in controls, but not in obese pregnant women. Variables such as maternal education, ethnicity, marital state, psychological history and miscarriages, parity and smoking behaviour had significant effects on anxiety and/or depressed moods during pregnancy. Obese pregnant women show higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptomatology compared to normal-weight pregnant women. Conclusion: Interventional programmes aiming at preventing the deleterious influence of maternal obesity on perinatal outcomes should include a psycho-educational program specifically tailored to this high-risk group.

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Bogaerts AFL, Devlieger R, Nuyts E, Witters I, Gyselaers W, Guelinckx I et al. Anxiety and depressed mood in obese pregnant women: A prospective controlled cohort study. Obesity Facts. 2013;6(2):152-164. https://doi.org/10.1159/000346315