Abstract
Optimization is a fundamental area in mathematics and computer science, with many realworld applications. In this thesis we study the efficiency with which we can solve certain optimization problems from two different perspectives. Firstly, we study it from the perspective of matrix factorization ranks, which comes with connections to quantum information theory. Secondly, we study it from the perspective of quantum computing. This thesis is accordingly divided into two parts, where we take these perspectives.
In the first part of this thesis we study several matrix factorization ranks and their connections to quantum information theory. In Chapter 5, we first give a unified approach to lower bounding matrix factorization ranks, using polynomial optimization techniques. In Chapter 6, we exploit the connection between one particular factorization rank, the completely positive semidefinite rank, and quantum correlations to provide an explicit family of matrices with a large completely positive semidefinite factorization rank. In Chapter 8, we use the same connection to study quantum versions of classical graph parameters from the perspective of polynomial optimization (albeit in noncommutative variables). In Chapter 7 we propose and study a new measure for the amount of entanglement needed to realize quantum correlations. We can approximate this new measure using our approach to matrix factorization ranks, i.e., through polynomial optimization in noncommutative variables.
In the second part of this thesis we turn our attention to the question: Can we solve optimization problems faster on a quantum computer? First, in Chapter 10, we look at the problem of evaluating a Boolean function. We give a new semidefinite programming characterization of the minimum number of quantum queries to the input that are needed to determine the corresponding function value. In Chapter 11 we revisit the semidefinite programming problem that plays a crucial role in the rest of the thesis; we provide a quantum algorithm for solving semidefinite programs. Finally, in Chapter 12, we study the general problem of solving convex optimization problems in the oracle model. We provide both upper and lower bounds on the efficiency of various reductions in the quantum setting. In particular, we show that quantum computers are more efficient than classical computers for the task of answering separation queries when access to the convex problem is given through membership queries.
In the first part of this thesis we study several matrix factorization ranks and their connections to quantum information theory. In Chapter 5, we first give a unified approach to lower bounding matrix factorization ranks, using polynomial optimization techniques. In Chapter 6, we exploit the connection between one particular factorization rank, the completely positive semidefinite rank, and quantum correlations to provide an explicit family of matrices with a large completely positive semidefinite factorization rank. In Chapter 8, we use the same connection to study quantum versions of classical graph parameters from the perspective of polynomial optimization (albeit in noncommutative variables). In Chapter 7 we propose and study a new measure for the amount of entanglement needed to realize quantum correlations. We can approximate this new measure using our approach to matrix factorization ranks, i.e., through polynomial optimization in noncommutative variables.
In the second part of this thesis we turn our attention to the question: Can we solve optimization problems faster on a quantum computer? First, in Chapter 10, we look at the problem of evaluating a Boolean function. We give a new semidefinite programming characterization of the minimum number of quantum queries to the input that are needed to determine the corresponding function value. In Chapter 11 we revisit the semidefinite programming problem that plays a crucial role in the rest of the thesis; we provide a quantum algorithm for solving semidefinite programs. Finally, in Chapter 12, we study the general problem of solving convex optimization problems in the oracle model. We provide both upper and lower bounds on the efficiency of various reductions in the quantum setting. In particular, we show that quantum computers are more efficient than classical computers for the task of answering separation queries when access to the convex problem is given through membership queries.
Original language  English 

Qualification  Doctor of Philosophy 
Awarding Institution 

Supervisors/Advisors 

Award date  30 Sept 2019 
Place of Publication  Tilburg 
Publisher  
Print ISBNs  978 90 5668 604 8 
DOIs  
Publication status  Published  2019 