The dynamic updating and revising of appraisals affords a crucial measure of flexibility to emotion processing from emotion generation through emotion regulation. However, much remains to be understood about the specific computations underlying appraisal shifts in iterative cycles of emotion generation and emotion regulation. In this chapter, we argue that a predictive mind process model perspective, constituted by predictive coding and active inference accounts, can help to clarify when and how appraisals are updated and revised. We start with a brief overview of basic concepts underlying the extended process model of emotion regulation and the predictive mind perspective. Next, we recast the extended process model in predictive terms, yielding a novel framework for understanding appraisal as well as reappraisal. We finish by outlining implications of this framework for understanding temporal dynamics of emotion and emotion regulation as well as individual differences and clinical phenomena.
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2021|