Are conservatives happier than liberals? Not always and not everywhere

O. Stavrova, Maike Luhmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Prior research has shown that conservatives report higher levels of subjective well-being than liberals (happiness gap). We investigate to what extent this phenomenon exists in different time periods within the United States (Study 1, N = 40,000) and in different countries (Study 2, N = 230,000). Consistent with our hypotheses grounded in the "shared reality" and person-culture fit literature, conservatives were happier and more satisfied with their lives than liberals to the extent that the conservative political ideology prevailed in their socio-cultural context, be it a specific time period in the U.S. or a specific country. These results show that the happiness gap between conservatives and liberals is less universal than previously assumed. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-35
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume63
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

Keywords

  • Political ideology
  • Subjective well-being
  • Life satisfaction
  • Happiness
  • Person-culture fit
  • POLITICAL-IDEOLOGY
  • PEOPLE HAPPY
  • SELF-ESTEEM
  • RELIGIOSITY
  • HAPPINESS
  • ATTITUDES
  • CONTEXT
  • FIT

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