‘Are we there yet?’: Operationalizing the concept of Integrated Public Health Policies

A.M. Hendriks, J.M. Habraken, M.W.J. Jansen, J.S. Gubbels, N.K. de Vries, J.A.M. van Oers, S. Michie, L. Atkins, S.P.J. Kremers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives
Although ‘integrated’ public health policies are assumed to be the ideal way to optimize public health, it remains hard to determine how far removed we are from this ideal, since clear operational criteria and defining characteristics are lacking.
Methods
A literature review identified gaps in previous operationalizations of integrated public health policies. We searched for an approach that could fill these gaps.
Results
We propose the following defining characteristics of an integrated policy: (1) the combination of policies includes an appropriate mix of interventions that optimizes the functioning of the behavioral system, thus ensuring that motivation, capability and opportunity interact in such a way that they promote the preferred (health-promoting) behavior of the target population, and (2) the policies are implemented by the relevant policy sectors from different policy domains.
Conclusion
Our criteria should offer added value since they describe pathways in the process towards formulating integrated policy. The aim of introducing our operationalization is to assist policy makers and researchers in identifying truly integrated cases. The Behavior Change Wheel proved to be a useful framework to develop operational criteria to assess the current state of integrated public health policies in practice.
Keywords: Integrated public health policies, Health in all policies, Healthy public policy, Whole-of-government approach, Intersectoral collaboration, Integrated approach
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-182
JournalHealth Policy
Volume114
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Administrative Personnel

Cite this

Hendriks, A. M., Habraken, J. M., Jansen, M. W. J., Gubbels, J. S., de Vries, N. K., van Oers, J. A. M., ... Kremers, S. P. J. (2014). ‘Are we there yet?’: Operationalizing the concept of Integrated Public Health Policies. Health Policy, 114(2-3), 174-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2013.10.004
Hendriks, A.M. ; Habraken, J.M. ; Jansen, M.W.J. ; Gubbels, J.S. ; de Vries, N.K. ; van Oers, J.A.M. ; Michie, S. ; Atkins, L. ; Kremers, S.P.J. / ‘Are we there yet?’ : Operationalizing the concept of Integrated Public Health Policies. In: Health Policy. 2014 ; Vol. 114, No. 2-3. pp. 174-182.
@article{f0edf50e2f7f4d51af2f5d382886d576,
title = "‘Are we there yet?’: Operationalizing the concept of Integrated Public Health Policies",
abstract = "ObjectivesAlthough ‘integrated’ public health policies are assumed to be the ideal way to optimize public health, it remains hard to determine how far removed we are from this ideal, since clear operational criteria and defining characteristics are lacking.MethodsA literature review identified gaps in previous operationalizations of integrated public health policies. We searched for an approach that could fill these gaps.ResultsWe propose the following defining characteristics of an integrated policy: (1) the combination of policies includes an appropriate mix of interventions that optimizes the functioning of the behavioral system, thus ensuring that motivation, capability and opportunity interact in such a way that they promote the preferred (health-promoting) behavior of the target population, and (2) the policies are implemented by the relevant policy sectors from different policy domains.ConclusionOur criteria should offer added value since they describe pathways in the process towards formulating integrated policy. The aim of introducing our operationalization is to assist policy makers and researchers in identifying truly integrated cases. The Behavior Change Wheel proved to be a useful framework to develop operational criteria to assess the current state of integrated public health policies in practice.Keywords: Integrated public health policies, Health in all policies, Healthy public policy, Whole-of-government approach, Intersectoral collaboration, Integrated approach",
author = "A.M. Hendriks and J.M. Habraken and M.W.J. Jansen and J.S. Gubbels and {de Vries}, N.K. and {van Oers}, J.A.M. and S. Michie and L. Atkins and S.P.J. Kremers",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.healthpol.2013.10.004",
language = "English",
volume = "114",
pages = "174--182",
journal = "Health Policy",
issn = "0168-8510",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "2-3",

}

Hendriks, AM, Habraken, JM, Jansen, MWJ, Gubbels, JS, de Vries, NK, van Oers, JAM, Michie, S, Atkins, L & Kremers, SPJ 2014, '‘Are we there yet?’: Operationalizing the concept of Integrated Public Health Policies', Health Policy, vol. 114, no. 2-3, pp. 174-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2013.10.004

‘Are we there yet?’ : Operationalizing the concept of Integrated Public Health Policies. / Hendriks, A.M.; Habraken, J.M.; Jansen, M.W.J.; Gubbels, J.S.; de Vries, N.K.; van Oers, J.A.M.; Michie, S.; Atkins, L.; Kremers, S.P.J.

In: Health Policy, Vol. 114, No. 2-3, 2014, p. 174-182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - ‘Are we there yet?’

T2 - Operationalizing the concept of Integrated Public Health Policies

AU - Hendriks, A.M.

AU - Habraken, J.M.

AU - Jansen, M.W.J.

AU - Gubbels, J.S.

AU - de Vries, N.K.

AU - van Oers, J.A.M.

AU - Michie, S.

AU - Atkins, L.

AU - Kremers, S.P.J.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - ObjectivesAlthough ‘integrated’ public health policies are assumed to be the ideal way to optimize public health, it remains hard to determine how far removed we are from this ideal, since clear operational criteria and defining characteristics are lacking.MethodsA literature review identified gaps in previous operationalizations of integrated public health policies. We searched for an approach that could fill these gaps.ResultsWe propose the following defining characteristics of an integrated policy: (1) the combination of policies includes an appropriate mix of interventions that optimizes the functioning of the behavioral system, thus ensuring that motivation, capability and opportunity interact in such a way that they promote the preferred (health-promoting) behavior of the target population, and (2) the policies are implemented by the relevant policy sectors from different policy domains.ConclusionOur criteria should offer added value since they describe pathways in the process towards formulating integrated policy. The aim of introducing our operationalization is to assist policy makers and researchers in identifying truly integrated cases. The Behavior Change Wheel proved to be a useful framework to develop operational criteria to assess the current state of integrated public health policies in practice.Keywords: Integrated public health policies, Health in all policies, Healthy public policy, Whole-of-government approach, Intersectoral collaboration, Integrated approach

AB - ObjectivesAlthough ‘integrated’ public health policies are assumed to be the ideal way to optimize public health, it remains hard to determine how far removed we are from this ideal, since clear operational criteria and defining characteristics are lacking.MethodsA literature review identified gaps in previous operationalizations of integrated public health policies. We searched for an approach that could fill these gaps.ResultsWe propose the following defining characteristics of an integrated policy: (1) the combination of policies includes an appropriate mix of interventions that optimizes the functioning of the behavioral system, thus ensuring that motivation, capability and opportunity interact in such a way that they promote the preferred (health-promoting) behavior of the target population, and (2) the policies are implemented by the relevant policy sectors from different policy domains.ConclusionOur criteria should offer added value since they describe pathways in the process towards formulating integrated policy. The aim of introducing our operationalization is to assist policy makers and researchers in identifying truly integrated cases. The Behavior Change Wheel proved to be a useful framework to develop operational criteria to assess the current state of integrated public health policies in practice.Keywords: Integrated public health policies, Health in all policies, Healthy public policy, Whole-of-government approach, Intersectoral collaboration, Integrated approach

U2 - 10.1016/j.healthpol.2013.10.004

DO - 10.1016/j.healthpol.2013.10.004

M3 - Article

VL - 114

SP - 174

EP - 182

JO - Health Policy

JF - Health Policy

SN - 0168-8510

IS - 2-3

ER -