Assessing the importance of internal and external self-esteem and their relationship to honor concerns in six countries

Yvette Van Osch*, Michael Bender, Jia He, Byron G. Adams, Filiz Kunuroglu, Richard N. Tillman, Isabel Benítez, Lusanda Sekaja, Neo Mamathuba

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We assessed empirical support for (a) the widely held notion that across so-called “honor, dignity, and face cultures,” internal and external components of self-esteem are differentially important for overall self-esteem; and (b) the idea that concerns for honor are related to internal and external components of self-esteem in honor cultures but not in dignity and face cultures. Most importantly, we also set out to (c) investigate whether measures are equivalent, that is, whether a comparison of means and relationships across cultural groups is possible with the employed scales. Data were collected in six countries (N = 1,099). We obtained only metric invariance for the self-esteem and honor scales, allowing for comparisons of relationships across samples, but not scale means. Partly confirming theoretical ideas on the importance of internal and external components of self-esteem, we found that only external rather than both external and internal self-esteem was relatively more important for overall self-esteem in “honor cultures”; in a “dignity” culture, internal self-esteem was relatively more important than external self-esteem. Contrary to expectations, in a “face” culture, internal self-esteem was relatively more important than external self-esteem. We were not able to conceptually replicate earlier reported relationships between components of self-esteem and the concern for honor, as we observed no cultural differences in the relationship between self-esteem and honor. We point toward the need for future studies to consider invariance testing in the field of honor to appropriately understand differences and similarities between samples.
Keywords: honor, dignity, face, self-esteem, equivalence, invariance
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-485
JournalCross-Cultural Research
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Assessing the importance of internal and external self-esteem and their relationship to honor concerns in six countries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this