Association of Type D personality with the autonomic and hemodynamic response to the cold pressor test

N. Kupper, A.J.M. Pelle, J. Denollet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Mechanisms relating Type D personality to poor health are largely unknown, with autonomic nervous system function being a candidate. This study examined the physiologic response to cold stress. Undergraduates (N = 101, 84% female) underwent a cold pressor test. An electrocardiogram, impedance cardiogram, and blood pressure were recorded. Type D personality was assessed by self-report questionnaire. Type D was associated with increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure reactivity. Exploratory analyses showed Type D men to respond with increased respiratory sinus arrhythmia (i.e., higher parasympathetic activity), and decreased pre-ejection period (i.e., larger sympathetic activity), while Type D women showed a reciprocal response pattern. In conclusion, Type D personality was associated with an exaggerated hemodynamic response to cold stress, which may contribute to an increased risk of hypertension in Type D individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1194-1201
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume50
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Electric Impedance
Self Report
Electrocardiography
Surveys and Questionnaires
Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia

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abstract = "Mechanisms relating Type D personality to poor health are largely unknown, with autonomic nervous system function being a candidate. This study examined the physiologic response to cold stress. Undergraduates (N = 101, 84{\%} female) underwent a cold pressor test. An electrocardiogram, impedance cardiogram, and blood pressure were recorded. Type D personality was assessed by self-report questionnaire. Type D was associated with increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure reactivity. Exploratory analyses showed Type D men to respond with increased respiratory sinus arrhythmia (i.e., higher parasympathetic activity), and decreased pre-ejection period (i.e., larger sympathetic activity), while Type D women showed a reciprocal response pattern. In conclusion, Type D personality was associated with an exaggerated hemodynamic response to cold stress, which may contribute to an increased risk of hypertension in Type D individuals.",
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Association of Type D personality with the autonomic and hemodynamic response to the cold pressor test. / Kupper, N.; Pelle, A.J.M.; Denollet, J.

In: Psychophysiology, Vol. 50, No. 12, 2013, p. 1194-1201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Denollet, J.

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