Associations between psychopathy and the trait meta-mood scale in incarcerated males: A combined latent variable- and person-centered approach

Carlo Garofalo*, Craig S. Neumann, Daniel Mark

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The present study sought to replicate and extend current knowledge on the relevance of emotion regulation (ER) for psychopathy. In a large sample of incarcerated adult males (N = 578), latent profile analysis (LPA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) were employed to examine person- and variable-centered associations between self-reported ER and both self-report and clinical ratings of psychopathy. With LPA, participants were classified into three profiles corresponding to low, medium, and high ER. The low-ER profile displayed higher affective traits across psychopathy assessments compared with the other profiles. The same pattern of findings was evident for overt behavioral features of psychopathy, but not for interpersonal traits. SEM results were consistent with LPA findings: interpersonal (positively), affective, and lifestyle (negatively) facets had unique associations with a superordinate ER latent variable. Findings replicate and extend prior associations between psychopathy and ER and suggest differential links between ER and affective and interpersonal traits of psychopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages21
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020

Keywords

  • psychopathic traits
  • emotion dysregulation
  • emotional intelligence
  • latent profile analysis (LPA)
  • structural equation modeling (SEM)
  • PERCEIVED EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
  • INVENTORY PPI
  • GRAY-MATTER
  • DYSREGULATION
  • DIFFICULTIES
  • AGGRESSION
  • CONSTRUCT
  • VALIDATION
  • DISORDERS
  • VALIDITY

Cite this

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title = "Associations between psychopathy and the trait meta-mood scale in incarcerated males: A combined latent variable- and person-centered approach",
abstract = "The present study sought to replicate and extend current knowledge on the relevance of emotion regulation (ER) for psychopathy. In a large sample of incarcerated adult males (N = 578), latent profile analysis (LPA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) were employed to examine person- and variable-centered associations between self-reported ER and both self-report and clinical ratings of psychopathy. With LPA, participants were classified into three profiles corresponding to low, medium, and high ER. The low-ER profile displayed higher affective traits across psychopathy assessments compared with the other profiles. The same pattern of findings was evident for overt behavioral features of psychopathy, but not for interpersonal traits. SEM results were consistent with LPA findings: interpersonal (positively), affective, and lifestyle (negatively) facets had unique associations with a superordinate ER latent variable. Findings replicate and extend prior associations between psychopathy and ER and suggest differential links between ER and affective and interpersonal traits of psychopathy.",
keywords = "psychopathic traits, emotion dysregulation, emotional intelligence, latent profile analysis (LPA), structural equation modeling (SEM), PERCEIVED EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE, INVENTORY PPI, GRAY-MATTER, DYSREGULATION, DIFFICULTIES, AGGRESSION, CONSTRUCT, VALIDATION, DISORDERS, VALIDITY",
author = "Carlo Garofalo and Neumann, {Craig S.} and Daniel Mark",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1177/0093854819891460",
language = "English",
journal = "Criminal Justice and Behavior",
issn = "0093-8548",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

Associations between psychopathy and the trait meta-mood scale in incarcerated males : A combined latent variable- and person-centered approach. / Garofalo, Carlo; Neumann, Craig S.; Mark, Daniel.

In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between psychopathy and the trait meta-mood scale in incarcerated males

T2 - A combined latent variable- and person-centered approach

AU - Garofalo, Carlo

AU - Neumann, Craig S.

AU - Mark, Daniel

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - The present study sought to replicate and extend current knowledge on the relevance of emotion regulation (ER) for psychopathy. In a large sample of incarcerated adult males (N = 578), latent profile analysis (LPA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) were employed to examine person- and variable-centered associations between self-reported ER and both self-report and clinical ratings of psychopathy. With LPA, participants were classified into three profiles corresponding to low, medium, and high ER. The low-ER profile displayed higher affective traits across psychopathy assessments compared with the other profiles. The same pattern of findings was evident for overt behavioral features of psychopathy, but not for interpersonal traits. SEM results were consistent with LPA findings: interpersonal (positively), affective, and lifestyle (negatively) facets had unique associations with a superordinate ER latent variable. Findings replicate and extend prior associations between psychopathy and ER and suggest differential links between ER and affective and interpersonal traits of psychopathy.

AB - The present study sought to replicate and extend current knowledge on the relevance of emotion regulation (ER) for psychopathy. In a large sample of incarcerated adult males (N = 578), latent profile analysis (LPA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) were employed to examine person- and variable-centered associations between self-reported ER and both self-report and clinical ratings of psychopathy. With LPA, participants were classified into three profiles corresponding to low, medium, and high ER. The low-ER profile displayed higher affective traits across psychopathy assessments compared with the other profiles. The same pattern of findings was evident for overt behavioral features of psychopathy, but not for interpersonal traits. SEM results were consistent with LPA findings: interpersonal (positively), affective, and lifestyle (negatively) facets had unique associations with a superordinate ER latent variable. Findings replicate and extend prior associations between psychopathy and ER and suggest differential links between ER and affective and interpersonal traits of psychopathy.

KW - psychopathic traits

KW - emotion dysregulation

KW - emotional intelligence

KW - latent profile analysis (LPA)

KW - structural equation modeling (SEM)

KW - PERCEIVED EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

KW - INVENTORY PPI

KW - GRAY-MATTER

KW - DYSREGULATION

KW - DIFFICULTIES

KW - AGGRESSION

KW - CONSTRUCT

KW - VALIDATION

KW - DISORDERS

KW - VALIDITY

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DO - 10.1177/0093854819891460

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JO - Criminal Justice and Behavior

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SN - 0093-8548

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