Associations of children's appetitive traits with weight and dietary behaviours in the context of general parenting

Gerda Rodenburg*, Stef P. J. Kremers, Anke Oenema, Dike van de Mheen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background: 

Individual variations in child weight can be explained by genetic and behavioural susceptibility to obesity. Behavioural susceptibility can be expressed in appetite-related traits, e.g. food responsiveness. Research into such behavioural factors is important, as it can provide starting points for (preventive) interventions.

Objectives: 

To examine associations of children's appetitive traits with weight and with fruit, snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake, and to examine whether parenting style interacts with appetite in determining child weight/intake.

Methods: 

Data were used from 1275 children participating in the INPACT study in 2009-2010, with a mean age of 9 years in 2009. Their height and weight were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI). Parents completed a questionnaire to measure children's appetitive traits, children's dietary intake and parenting style. Child BMI z-scores, fruit, snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake were regressed on appetitive traits. Moderation by parenting style was tested by adding interaction terms to the regression analyses.

Results: 

Food-approaching appetitive traits were positively, and food-avoidant appetitive traits were negatively related to child BMI z-scores and to child fruit intake. There were no or less consistent associations for snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake. Authoritative parenting voided the negative association between food fussiness and fruit intake, while neglecting parenting strengthened the positive association between food-approaching appetitive traits and weight.

Conclusions: 

Early assessment of appetitive traits could be used to identify children at risk for overweight. As parenting style can moderate the associations between appetitive traits and weight/intake in a favourable way, parents are a promising target group for preventive interventions aimed at influencing the effect of appetitive traits on children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number50642
Number of pages8
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EATING BEHAVIOR
  • SOFT DRINKS
  • CHILDHOOD OVERWEIGHT
  • FRUIT
  • OBESITY
  • STYLE
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • VALIDITY
  • SUSCEPTIBILITY
  • REPRODUCIBILITY

Cite this

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title = "Associations of children's appetitive traits with weight and dietary behaviours in the context of general parenting",
abstract = "Background: Individual variations in child weight can be explained by genetic and behavioural susceptibility to obesity. Behavioural susceptibility can be expressed in appetite-related traits, e.g. food responsiveness. Research into such behavioural factors is important, as it can provide starting points for (preventive) interventions.Objectives: To examine associations of children's appetitive traits with weight and with fruit, snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake, and to examine whether parenting style interacts with appetite in determining child weight/intake.Methods: Data were used from 1275 children participating in the INPACT study in 2009-2010, with a mean age of 9 years in 2009. Their height and weight were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI). Parents completed a questionnaire to measure children's appetitive traits, children's dietary intake and parenting style. Child BMI z-scores, fruit, snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake were regressed on appetitive traits. Moderation by parenting style was tested by adding interaction terms to the regression analyses.Results: Food-approaching appetitive traits were positively, and food-avoidant appetitive traits were negatively related to child BMI z-scores and to child fruit intake. There were no or less consistent associations for snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake. Authoritative parenting voided the negative association between food fussiness and fruit intake, while neglecting parenting strengthened the positive association between food-approaching appetitive traits and weight.Conclusions: Early assessment of appetitive traits could be used to identify children at risk for overweight. As parenting style can moderate the associations between appetitive traits and weight/intake in a favourable way, parents are a promising target group for preventive interventions aimed at influencing the effect of appetitive traits on children.",
keywords = "EATING BEHAVIOR, SOFT DRINKS, CHILDHOOD OVERWEIGHT, FRUIT, OBESITY, STYLE, QUESTIONNAIRE, VALIDITY, SUSCEPTIBILITY, REPRODUCIBILITY",
author = "Gerda Rodenburg and Kremers, {Stef P. J.} and Anke Oenema and {van de Mheen}, Dike",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0050642",
language = "English",
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journal = "PLoS ONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
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}

Associations of children's appetitive traits with weight and dietary behaviours in the context of general parenting. / Rodenburg, Gerda; Kremers, Stef P. J.; Oenema, Anke; van de Mheen, Dike.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, No. 12, 50642, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations of children's appetitive traits with weight and dietary behaviours in the context of general parenting

AU - Rodenburg, Gerda

AU - Kremers, Stef P. J.

AU - Oenema, Anke

AU - van de Mheen, Dike

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Background: Individual variations in child weight can be explained by genetic and behavioural susceptibility to obesity. Behavioural susceptibility can be expressed in appetite-related traits, e.g. food responsiveness. Research into such behavioural factors is important, as it can provide starting points for (preventive) interventions.Objectives: To examine associations of children's appetitive traits with weight and with fruit, snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake, and to examine whether parenting style interacts with appetite in determining child weight/intake.Methods: Data were used from 1275 children participating in the INPACT study in 2009-2010, with a mean age of 9 years in 2009. Their height and weight were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI). Parents completed a questionnaire to measure children's appetitive traits, children's dietary intake and parenting style. Child BMI z-scores, fruit, snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake were regressed on appetitive traits. Moderation by parenting style was tested by adding interaction terms to the regression analyses.Results: Food-approaching appetitive traits were positively, and food-avoidant appetitive traits were negatively related to child BMI z-scores and to child fruit intake. There were no or less consistent associations for snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake. Authoritative parenting voided the negative association between food fussiness and fruit intake, while neglecting parenting strengthened the positive association between food-approaching appetitive traits and weight.Conclusions: Early assessment of appetitive traits could be used to identify children at risk for overweight. As parenting style can moderate the associations between appetitive traits and weight/intake in a favourable way, parents are a promising target group for preventive interventions aimed at influencing the effect of appetitive traits on children.

AB - Background: Individual variations in child weight can be explained by genetic and behavioural susceptibility to obesity. Behavioural susceptibility can be expressed in appetite-related traits, e.g. food responsiveness. Research into such behavioural factors is important, as it can provide starting points for (preventive) interventions.Objectives: To examine associations of children's appetitive traits with weight and with fruit, snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake, and to examine whether parenting style interacts with appetite in determining child weight/intake.Methods: Data were used from 1275 children participating in the INPACT study in 2009-2010, with a mean age of 9 years in 2009. Their height and weight were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI). Parents completed a questionnaire to measure children's appetitive traits, children's dietary intake and parenting style. Child BMI z-scores, fruit, snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake were regressed on appetitive traits. Moderation by parenting style was tested by adding interaction terms to the regression analyses.Results: Food-approaching appetitive traits were positively, and food-avoidant appetitive traits were negatively related to child BMI z-scores and to child fruit intake. There were no or less consistent associations for snack and sugar-sweetened beverage intake. Authoritative parenting voided the negative association between food fussiness and fruit intake, while neglecting parenting strengthened the positive association between food-approaching appetitive traits and weight.Conclusions: Early assessment of appetitive traits could be used to identify children at risk for overweight. As parenting style can moderate the associations between appetitive traits and weight/intake in a favourable way, parents are a promising target group for preventive interventions aimed at influencing the effect of appetitive traits on children.

KW - EATING BEHAVIOR

KW - SOFT DRINKS

KW - CHILDHOOD OVERWEIGHT

KW - FRUIT

KW - OBESITY

KW - STYLE

KW - QUESTIONNAIRE

KW - VALIDITY

KW - SUSCEPTIBILITY

KW - REPRODUCIBILITY

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0050642

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0050642

M3 - Article

VL - 7

JO - PLoS ONE

JF - PLoS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 12

M1 - 50642

ER -