Asymmetrical Switch Costs in Bilingual Language Production Induced by Reading Words

David Peeters, Elin Runnqvist, Daisy Bertrand, Jonathan Grainger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We examined language-switching effects in French-English bilinguals using a paradigm where pictures are always named in the same language (either French or English) within a block of trials, and on each trial, the picture is preceded by a printed word from the same language or from the other language. Participants had to either make a language decision on the word or categorize it as an animal name or not. Picture-naming latencies in French (Language 1 [L1]) were slower when pictures were preceded by an English word than by a French word, independently of the task performed on the word. There were no language-switching effects when pictures were named in English (L2). This pattern replicates asymmetrical switch costs found with the cued picture-naming paradigm and shows that the asymmetrical pattern can be obtained (a) in the absence of artificial (nonlinguistic) language cues, (b) when the switch involves a shift from comprehension in 1 language to production in another, and (c) when the naming language is blocked (univalent response). We concluded that language switch costs in bilinguals cannot be reduced to effects driven by task control or response-selection mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-292
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • language-switching
  • language production
  • bilingualism
  • picture naming
  • HIGHLY PROFICIENT BILINGUALS
  • SPEECH PRODUCTION
  • LEXICAL ACCESS
  • SELECTION
  • RECOGNITION
  • DECISION

Cite this

@article{32c7cba516834c1da7a014d31b9dafdb,
title = "Asymmetrical Switch Costs in Bilingual Language Production Induced by Reading Words",
abstract = "We examined language-switching effects in French-English bilinguals using a paradigm where pictures are always named in the same language (either French or English) within a block of trials, and on each trial, the picture is preceded by a printed word from the same language or from the other language. Participants had to either make a language decision on the word or categorize it as an animal name or not. Picture-naming latencies in French (Language 1 [L1]) were slower when pictures were preceded by an English word than by a French word, independently of the task performed on the word. There were no language-switching effects when pictures were named in English (L2). This pattern replicates asymmetrical switch costs found with the cued picture-naming paradigm and shows that the asymmetrical pattern can be obtained (a) in the absence of artificial (nonlinguistic) language cues, (b) when the switch involves a shift from comprehension in 1 language to production in another, and (c) when the naming language is blocked (univalent response). We concluded that language switch costs in bilinguals cannot be reduced to effects driven by task control or response-selection mechanisms.",
keywords = "language-switching, language production, bilingualism, picture naming, HIGHLY PROFICIENT BILINGUALS, SPEECH PRODUCTION, LEXICAL ACCESS, SELECTION, RECOGNITION, DECISION",
author = "David Peeters and Elin Runnqvist and Daisy Bertrand and Jonathan Grainger",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0034060",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "284--292",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition",
issn = "0278-7393",
publisher = "AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC",
number = "1",

}

Asymmetrical Switch Costs in Bilingual Language Production Induced by Reading Words. / Peeters, David; Runnqvist, Elin; Bertrand, Daisy; Grainger, Jonathan.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Vol. 40, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 284-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Asymmetrical Switch Costs in Bilingual Language Production Induced by Reading Words

AU - Peeters, David

AU - Runnqvist, Elin

AU - Bertrand, Daisy

AU - Grainger, Jonathan

PY - 2014/1

Y1 - 2014/1

N2 - We examined language-switching effects in French-English bilinguals using a paradigm where pictures are always named in the same language (either French or English) within a block of trials, and on each trial, the picture is preceded by a printed word from the same language or from the other language. Participants had to either make a language decision on the word or categorize it as an animal name or not. Picture-naming latencies in French (Language 1 [L1]) were slower when pictures were preceded by an English word than by a French word, independently of the task performed on the word. There were no language-switching effects when pictures were named in English (L2). This pattern replicates asymmetrical switch costs found with the cued picture-naming paradigm and shows that the asymmetrical pattern can be obtained (a) in the absence of artificial (nonlinguistic) language cues, (b) when the switch involves a shift from comprehension in 1 language to production in another, and (c) when the naming language is blocked (univalent response). We concluded that language switch costs in bilinguals cannot be reduced to effects driven by task control or response-selection mechanisms.

AB - We examined language-switching effects in French-English bilinguals using a paradigm where pictures are always named in the same language (either French or English) within a block of trials, and on each trial, the picture is preceded by a printed word from the same language or from the other language. Participants had to either make a language decision on the word or categorize it as an animal name or not. Picture-naming latencies in French (Language 1 [L1]) were slower when pictures were preceded by an English word than by a French word, independently of the task performed on the word. There were no language-switching effects when pictures were named in English (L2). This pattern replicates asymmetrical switch costs found with the cued picture-naming paradigm and shows that the asymmetrical pattern can be obtained (a) in the absence of artificial (nonlinguistic) language cues, (b) when the switch involves a shift from comprehension in 1 language to production in another, and (c) when the naming language is blocked (univalent response). We concluded that language switch costs in bilinguals cannot be reduced to effects driven by task control or response-selection mechanisms.

KW - language-switching

KW - language production

KW - bilingualism

KW - picture naming

KW - HIGHLY PROFICIENT BILINGUALS

KW - SPEECH PRODUCTION

KW - LEXICAL ACCESS

KW - SELECTION

KW - RECOGNITION

KW - DECISION

U2 - 10.1037/a0034060

DO - 10.1037/a0034060

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 284

EP - 292

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

SN - 0278-7393

IS - 1

ER -