Attachment styles and secure base priming in relation to emotional reactivity after frustration induction

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Abstract

In two experimental studies, we explored the role of attachment in predicting emotional reactivity after frustration induction. In the first study, using a cognitive frustration task, we examined in a college sample (N = 134) how attachment styles related to the experience and expression of emotions after frustration induction. In the second study, we investigated in college students (N = 198) the effect of conscious priming of the secure base schema on mood disturbance after the performance of a cognitive frustration task. Results showed that individuals experienced and expressed emotions after frustration induction independent of their attachment styles. Conscious priming of the secure base script attenuated self-reported emotional reactivity after frustration induction independent of individuals’ attachment styles. These findings suggest that the mechanism of attachment-related emotional reactivity might not pertain to frustration during an unsolvable cognitive task, but that the activation of the sense of having a secure base is useful in reducing mood disturbance in the context of a frustrating performance task
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-441
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Frustration
Expressed Emotion
Attachment Style
Reactivity
Induction
Emotion
Priming

Keywords

  • ACCESSIBILITY
  • ADULT ATTACHMENT
  • ANXIETY
  • AUTONOMY-CONNECTEDNESS
  • Attachment styles
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • INFORMATION
  • INTERPERSONAL EXPECTATIONS
  • MEMORY
  • SCHEMAS
  • SELF
  • emotional reactivity
  • emotions
  • frustration
  • secure base schema

Cite this

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title = "Attachment styles and secure base priming in relation to emotional reactivity after frustration induction",
abstract = "In two experimental studies, we explored the role of attachment in predicting emotional reactivity after frustration induction. In the first study, using a cognitive frustration task, we examined in a college sample (N = 134) how attachment styles related to the experience and expression of emotions after frustration induction. In the second study, we investigated in college students (N = 198) the effect of conscious priming of the secure base schema on mood disturbance after the performance of a cognitive frustration task. Results showed that individuals experienced and expressed emotions after frustration induction independent of their attachment styles. Conscious priming of the secure base script attenuated self-reported emotional reactivity after frustration induction independent of individuals’ attachment styles. These findings suggest that the mechanism of attachment-related emotional reactivity might not pertain to frustration during an unsolvable cognitive task, but that the activation of the sense of having a secure base is useful in reducing mood disturbance in the context of a frustrating performance task",
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Attachment styles and secure base priming in relation to emotional reactivity after frustration induction. / Karreman, A.; Vingerhoets, A.J.J.M.; Bekker, M.H.J.

In: Cognition and Emotion, Vol. 33, No. 3, 2019, p. 428-441.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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