Attrition and adherence in a web-based distress management program for implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients (WEBCARE): Randomized controlled trial

M. Habibovic, P. Cuijpers, M. Alings, P.H.J. van der Voort, D.A.M.J. Theuns, L. Bouwels, J.-P. Herman, S. Valk, S.S. Pedersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
16 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background:
WEB-Based Distress Management Program for Implantable CARdioverter defibrillator Patients (WEBCARE) is a Web-based randomized controlled trial, designed to improve psychological well-being in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). As in other Web-based trials, we encountered problems with attrition and adherence.
Objective:
In the current study, we focus on the patient characteristics, reasons, and motivation of (1) completers, (2) those who quit the intervention, and (3) those who quit the intervention and the study in the treatment arm of WEBCARE.
Methods:
Consecutive first-time ICD patients from six Dutch referral hospitals were approached for participation. After signing consent and filling in baseline measures, patients were randomized to either the WEBCARE group or the Usual Care group.
Results:
The treatment arm of WEBCARE contained 146 patients. Of these 146, 34 (23.3%) completed the treatment, 88 (60.3%) dropped out of treatment but completed follow-up, and 24 (16.4%) dropped out of treatment and study. Results show no systematic differences in baseline demographic, clinical, or psychological characteristics between groups. A gradual increase in dropout was observed with 83.5% (122/146) completing the first lesson, while only 23.3% (34/146) eventually completed the whole treatment. Reasons most often given by patients for dropout were technical problems with the computer, time constraints, feeling fine, and not needing additional support.
Conclusions:
Current findings underline the importance of focusing on adherence and dropout, as this remains a significant problem in behavioral Web-based trials. Examining possibilities to address barriers indicated by patients might enhance treatment engagement and improve patient outcomes.
Keywords: implantable cardioverter defibrillator; Web-based interventions; adherence; dropout; attrition
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e52
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR)
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Attrition and adherence in a web-based distress management program for implantable cardioverter defibrillator patients (WEBCARE): Randomized controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this