Atypical central auditory speech-sound discrimination in children who stutter as indexed by the mismatch negativity

E. Jansson-Verkasalo, K. Eggers, A. Järvenpää, K. Suominen, B.R.H. Van Den Bergh, L. de Nil, T. Kujala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose
Recent theoretical conceptualizations suggest that disfluencies in stuttering may arise from several factors, one of them being atypical auditory processing. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate whether speech sound encoding and central auditory discrimination, are affected in children who stutter (CWS).
Methods
Participants were 10 CWS, and 12 typically developing children with fluent speech (TDC). Event-related potentials (ERPs) for syllables and syllable changes [consonant, vowel, vowel-duration, frequency (F0), and intensity changes], critical in speech perception and language development of CWS were compared to those of TDC.
Results
There were no significant group differences in the amplitudes or latencies of the P1 or N2 responses elicited by the standard stimuli. However, the Mismatch Negativity (MMN) amplitude was significantly smaller in CWS than in TDC. For TDC all deviants of the linguistic multifeature paradigm elicited significant MMN amplitudes, comparable with the results found earlier with the same paradigm in 6-year-old children. In contrast, only the duration change elicited a significant MMN in CWS.
Conclusions
The results showed that central auditory speech-sound processing was typical at the level of sound encoding in CWS. In contrast, central speech-sound discrimination, as indexed by the MMN for multiple sound features (both phonetic and prosodic), was atypical in the group of CWS. Findings were linked to existing conceptualizations on stuttering etiology.
Educational objectives:
The reader will be able (a) to describe recent findings on central auditory speech-sound processing in individuals who stutter, (b) to describe the measurement of auditory reception and central auditory speech-sound discrimination, (c) to describe the findings of central auditory speech-sound discrimination, as indexed by the mismatch negativity (MMN), in children who stutter.
Keywords: Stuttering, Central speech-sound discrimination, Event-related potential, Mismatch negativity, Children
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
JournalJournal of Fluency Disorders
Volume41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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