Audio-visual speech in noise perception in dyslexia

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Abstract

Individuals with developmental dyslexia (DD) may experience, besides reading problems, other speech-related processing deficits. Here, we examined the influence of visual articulatory information (lip-read speech) at various levels of background noise on auditory word recognition in children and adults with DD. We found that children with a documented history of DD have deficits in their ability to gain benefit from lip-read information that disambiguates noise-masked speech. We show with another group of adult individuals with DD that these deficits persist into adulthood. These deficits could not be attributed to impairments in unisensory auditory word recognition. Rather, the results indicate a specific deficit in audio-visual speech processing and suggest that impaired multisensory integration might be an important aspect of DD.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12504
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental Science
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Recognition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • audio-visual
  • developmental dyslexia
  • lip-reading
  • multisensory integration
  • speech-in-noise

Cite this

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title = "Audio-visual speech in noise perception in dyslexia",
abstract = "Individuals with developmental dyslexia (DD) may experience, besides reading problems, other speech-related processing deficits. Here, we examined the influence of visual articulatory information (lip-read speech) at various levels of background noise on auditory word recognition in children and adults with DD. We found that children with a documented history of DD have deficits in their ability to gain benefit from lip-read information that disambiguates noise-masked speech. We show with another group of adult individuals with DD that these deficits persist into adulthood. These deficits could not be attributed to impairments in unisensory auditory word recognition. Rather, the results indicate a specific deficit in audio-visual speech processing and suggest that impaired multisensory integration might be an important aspect of DD.",
keywords = "audio-visual, developmental dyslexia, lip-reading, multisensory integration, speech-in-noise",
author = "{van Laarhoven}, T.J.T.M. and M.N. Keetels and L. Schakel and J. Vroomen",
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Audio-visual speech in noise perception in dyslexia. / van Laarhoven, T.J.T.M.; Keetels, M.N.; Schakel, L.; Vroomen, J.

In: Developmental Science, Vol. 21, No. 1, 12504, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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