Audiovisual integration in schizophrenia

B. de Gelder, J. Vroomen, L. Annen, E.D. Masthoff, P.P.G. Hodiamont

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Abstract

Integration of information provided simultaneously by audition and vision was studied in a group of 18 schizophrenic patients. They were compared to a control group, consisting of 12 normal adults of comparable age and education. By administering two tasks, each focusing on one aspect of audio-visual integration, the study could differentiate between a spatial integration deficit and a speech-based integration deficit. Experiment 1 studied audio-visual interactions in the spatial localisation of sounds. Experiment 2 investigated integration of auditory and visual speech. The schizophrenic group performed as the control group on the sound localisation task, but in the audio-visual speech task, there was an impairment in lipreading as well as a smaller impact of lipreading on auditory speech information. Combined with findings about functional and neuro-anatomical specificity of intersensory integration, the data suggest that there is an integration deficit in the schizophrenic group that is related to the processing of phonetic information.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-218
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume59
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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Lipreading
Phonetics
Hearing
Education

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de Gelder, B., Vroomen, J., Annen, L., Masthoff, E. D., & Hodiamont, P. P. G. (2003). Audiovisual integration in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 59(2), 211-218.
de Gelder, B. ; Vroomen, J. ; Annen, L. ; Masthoff, E.D. ; Hodiamont, P.P.G. / Audiovisual integration in schizophrenia. In: Schizophrenia Research. 2003 ; Vol. 59, No. 2. pp. 211-218.
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de Gelder, B, Vroomen, J, Annen, L, Masthoff, ED & Hodiamont, PPG 2003, 'Audiovisual integration in schizophrenia', Schizophrenia Research, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 211-218.

Audiovisual integration in schizophrenia. / de Gelder, B.; Vroomen, J.; Annen, L.; Masthoff, E.D.; Hodiamont, P.P.G.

In: Schizophrenia Research, Vol. 59, No. 2, 2003, p. 211-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - Integration of information provided simultaneously by audition and vision was studied in a group of 18 schizophrenic patients. They were compared to a control group, consisting of 12 normal adults of comparable age and education. By administering two tasks, each focusing on one aspect of audio-visual integration, the study could differentiate between a spatial integration deficit and a speech-based integration deficit. Experiment 1 studied audio-visual interactions in the spatial localisation of sounds. Experiment 2 investigated integration of auditory and visual speech. The schizophrenic group performed as the control group on the sound localisation task, but in the audio-visual speech task, there was an impairment in lipreading as well as a smaller impact of lipreading on auditory speech information. Combined with findings about functional and neuro-anatomical specificity of intersensory integration, the data suggest that there is an integration deficit in the schizophrenic group that is related to the processing of phonetic information.

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de Gelder B, Vroomen J, Annen L, Masthoff ED, Hodiamont PPG. Audiovisual integration in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research. 2003;59(2):211-218.