Autonomy deficits as vulnerability for anxiety: Evidence from two laboratory-based studies

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Abstract

Background
Autonomous individuals are characterized by self-governance; awareness of and capacity to realize one’s wishes and needs, while being connected with and sensitive towards others. In line with earlier research showing consistent associations between autonomy-connectedness deficits and anxiety, we tested in two studies whether autonomy deficits predict anxious responses to acute stressors.

Methods
In Study 1, participants (N = 177) viewed an anxiety-inducing film fragment and reported anxiety before and after viewing the clip. In experimental Study 2, participants (N = 100) were randomly allocated to one of two conditions: giving a short presentation to an audience (impromptu speech task) or watching another person’s presentation (control condition). Anxiety was measured at baseline, after a preparation period and directly after the presentation.

Results
In Study 1, individuals’ anxiety in reaction to watching the movie was positively associated with the autonomy-connectedness component sensitivity to others. In Study 2, individuals’ anxiety in reaction to preparing the presentation was negatively associated with the autonomy-connectedness component self-awareness.

Conclusions
Specific autonomy components may be related to experiencing anxiety in differing situations (i.e., related to others’ distress or presenting one’s personal views). Collectively these results indicate that autonomy-connectedness deficits may form a vulnerability factor for experiencing anxiety.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-258
Number of pages16
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Volume32
Issue number3
Early online date2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2019

Fingerprint

Autonomy
Anxiety
Vulnerability
Motion Pictures
Connectedness
Self-awareness
Movies
Person
Impromptu
Experimental Study
Wishes
Governance

Keywords

  • ALEXITHYMIA
  • ATTACHMENT STYLES
  • Anxiety
  • CONNECTEDNESS
  • DEPRESSION
  • PERSONALITY
  • PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
  • SELF-REPORT
  • SOCIAL ANXIETY
  • SOCIOTROPY-AUTONOMY
  • STRESS
  • autonomy
  • autonomy-connectedness
  • self-awareness
  • sensitivity to others
  • stress

Cite this

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title = "Autonomy deficits as vulnerability for anxiety: Evidence from two laboratory-based studies",
abstract = "BackgroundAutonomous individuals are characterized by self-governance; awareness of and capacity to realize one’s wishes and needs, while being connected with and sensitive towards others. In line with earlier research showing consistent associations between autonomy-connectedness deficits and anxiety, we tested in two studies whether autonomy deficits predict anxious responses to acute stressors.MethodsIn Study 1, participants (N = 177) viewed an anxiety-inducing film fragment and reported anxiety before and after viewing the clip. In experimental Study 2, participants (N = 100) were randomly allocated to one of two conditions: giving a short presentation to an audience (impromptu speech task) or watching another person’s presentation (control condition). Anxiety was measured at baseline, after a preparation period and directly after the presentation.ResultsIn Study 1, individuals’ anxiety in reaction to watching the movie was positively associated with the autonomy-connectedness component sensitivity to others. In Study 2, individuals’ anxiety in reaction to preparing the presentation was negatively associated with the autonomy-connectedness component self-awareness.ConclusionsSpecific autonomy components may be related to experiencing anxiety in differing situations (i.e., related to others’ distress or presenting one’s personal views). Collectively these results indicate that autonomy-connectedness deficits may form a vulnerability factor for experiencing anxiety.",
keywords = "ALEXITHYMIA, ATTACHMENT STYLES, Anxiety, CONNECTEDNESS, DEPRESSION, PERSONALITY, PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, SELF-REPORT, SOCIAL ANXIETY, SOCIOTROPY-AUTONOMY, STRESS, autonomy, autonomy-connectedness, self-awareness, sensitivity to others, stress",
author = "L.E. Kunst and J. Maas and {van Assen}, M.A.L.M. and {Van der Heijden}, W. and M.H.J. Bekker",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1080/10615806.2019.1580697",
language = "English",
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pages = "244--258",
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Autonomy deficits as vulnerability for anxiety : Evidence from two laboratory-based studies. / Kunst, L.E.; Maas, J.; van Assen, M.A.L.M.; Van der Heijden, W.; Bekker, M.H.J.

In: Anxiety, Stress and Coping, Vol. 32, No. 3, 04.05.2019, p. 244-258.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Autonomy deficits as vulnerability for anxiety

T2 - Evidence from two laboratory-based studies

AU - Kunst, L.E.

AU - Maas, J.

AU - van Assen, M.A.L.M.

AU - Van der Heijden, W.

AU - Bekker, M.H.J.

PY - 2019/5/4

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N2 - BackgroundAutonomous individuals are characterized by self-governance; awareness of and capacity to realize one’s wishes and needs, while being connected with and sensitive towards others. In line with earlier research showing consistent associations between autonomy-connectedness deficits and anxiety, we tested in two studies whether autonomy deficits predict anxious responses to acute stressors.MethodsIn Study 1, participants (N = 177) viewed an anxiety-inducing film fragment and reported anxiety before and after viewing the clip. In experimental Study 2, participants (N = 100) were randomly allocated to one of two conditions: giving a short presentation to an audience (impromptu speech task) or watching another person’s presentation (control condition). Anxiety was measured at baseline, after a preparation period and directly after the presentation.ResultsIn Study 1, individuals’ anxiety in reaction to watching the movie was positively associated with the autonomy-connectedness component sensitivity to others. In Study 2, individuals’ anxiety in reaction to preparing the presentation was negatively associated with the autonomy-connectedness component self-awareness.ConclusionsSpecific autonomy components may be related to experiencing anxiety in differing situations (i.e., related to others’ distress or presenting one’s personal views). Collectively these results indicate that autonomy-connectedness deficits may form a vulnerability factor for experiencing anxiety.

AB - BackgroundAutonomous individuals are characterized by self-governance; awareness of and capacity to realize one’s wishes and needs, while being connected with and sensitive towards others. In line with earlier research showing consistent associations between autonomy-connectedness deficits and anxiety, we tested in two studies whether autonomy deficits predict anxious responses to acute stressors.MethodsIn Study 1, participants (N = 177) viewed an anxiety-inducing film fragment and reported anxiety before and after viewing the clip. In experimental Study 2, participants (N = 100) were randomly allocated to one of two conditions: giving a short presentation to an audience (impromptu speech task) or watching another person’s presentation (control condition). Anxiety was measured at baseline, after a preparation period and directly after the presentation.ResultsIn Study 1, individuals’ anxiety in reaction to watching the movie was positively associated with the autonomy-connectedness component sensitivity to others. In Study 2, individuals’ anxiety in reaction to preparing the presentation was negatively associated with the autonomy-connectedness component self-awareness.ConclusionsSpecific autonomy components may be related to experiencing anxiety in differing situations (i.e., related to others’ distress or presenting one’s personal views). Collectively these results indicate that autonomy-connectedness deficits may form a vulnerability factor for experiencing anxiety.

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KW - SOCIAL ANXIETY

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KW - STRESS

KW - autonomy

KW - autonomy-connectedness

KW - self-awareness

KW - sensitivity to others

KW - stress

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DO - 10.1080/10615806.2019.1580697

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JO - Anxiety, Stress and Coping

JF - Anxiety, Stress and Coping

SN - 1061-5806

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ER -