Autonomy–connectedness, self-construal, and acculturation: Associations with mental health in a multicultural society

Joyce Maas, M.A.L.M. van Assen, A.J.L M. van Balkom, E.A.P. Rutten, M. H. J. Bekker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The present study investigated the associations between self-construal, acculturation, and autonomy?connectedness, as well as the relations between autonomy?connectedness and psychopathological symptoms, controlling for self-construal and acculturation. Participants were 1,209 Dutch individuals, of whom 693 (57.3%) were immigrants with a non-Western background. Results showed that an independent self-construal was positively associated with self-awareness and capacity for managing new situations, and was negatively associated with sensitivity to others (which are the three components of autonomy?connectedness). Moreover, an interdependent self-construal was negatively associated with self-awareness and capacity for managing new situations, and was positively associated with sensitivity to others. Importantly, the latter associations were similar for both Dutch natives and immigrants, and the associations between acculturation and autonomy?connectedness were small and nonsignificant. Autonomy?connectedness, after controlling for self-construal and acculturation, explained a large amount of additional variance in anxiety (12.7%) and depression (14.1), and a medium amount of additional variance in drive for thinness (3.7%) and bulimia (4.8%). Autonomy?connectedness, thus, seems to be an important construct for people with a Western background, as well as for immigrants with a non-Western background.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80–99
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Mental Health Associations
Acculturation
acculturation
multicultural society
autonomy
mental health
self awareness
immigrant
eating disorder
Depression
anxiety

Keywords

  • ATTITUDES
  • BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY
  • PERSONALITY
  • PREVALENCE
  • SCALE
  • VALIDITY
  • acculturation
  • anxiety
  • autonomy-connectedness
  • depression
  • eating disorders
  • self-construal

Cite this

@article{927932d40471475ab0c0dcd9cc2f1b0a,
title = "Autonomy–connectedness, self-construal, and acculturation: Associations with mental health in a multicultural society",
abstract = "The present study investigated the associations between self-construal, acculturation, and autonomy?connectedness, as well as the relations between autonomy?connectedness and psychopathological symptoms, controlling for self-construal and acculturation. Participants were 1,209 Dutch individuals, of whom 693 (57.3{\%}) were immigrants with a non-Western background. Results showed that an independent self-construal was positively associated with self-awareness and capacity for managing new situations, and was negatively associated with sensitivity to others (which are the three components of autonomy?connectedness). Moreover, an interdependent self-construal was negatively associated with self-awareness and capacity for managing new situations, and was positively associated with sensitivity to others. Importantly, the latter associations were similar for both Dutch natives and immigrants, and the associations between acculturation and autonomy?connectedness were small and nonsignificant. Autonomy?connectedness, after controlling for self-construal and acculturation, explained a large amount of additional variance in anxiety (12.7{\%}) and depression (14.1), and a medium amount of additional variance in drive for thinness (3.7{\%}) and bulimia (4.8{\%}). Autonomy?connectedness, thus, seems to be an important construct for people with a Western background, as well as for immigrants with a non-Western background.",
keywords = "ATTITUDES, BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY, PERSONALITY, PREVALENCE, SCALE, VALIDITY, acculturation, anxiety, autonomy-connectedness, depression, eating disorders, self-construal",
author = "Joyce Maas and {van Assen}, M.A.L.M. and {van Balkom}, {A.J.L M.} and E.A.P. Rutten and Bekker, {M. H. J.}",
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Autonomy–connectedness, self-construal, and acculturation : Associations with mental health in a multicultural society. / Maas, Joyce; van Assen, M.A.L.M.; van Balkom, A.J.L M.; Rutten, E.A.P.; Bekker, M. H. J.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 50, No. 1, 2019, p. 80–99.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T2 - Associations with mental health in a multicultural society

AU - Maas, Joyce

AU - van Assen, M.A.L.M.

AU - van Balkom, A.J.L M.

AU - Rutten, E.A.P.

AU - Bekker, M. H. J.

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N2 - The present study investigated the associations between self-construal, acculturation, and autonomy?connectedness, as well as the relations between autonomy?connectedness and psychopathological symptoms, controlling for self-construal and acculturation. Participants were 1,209 Dutch individuals, of whom 693 (57.3%) were immigrants with a non-Western background. Results showed that an independent self-construal was positively associated with self-awareness and capacity for managing new situations, and was negatively associated with sensitivity to others (which are the three components of autonomy?connectedness). Moreover, an interdependent self-construal was negatively associated with self-awareness and capacity for managing new situations, and was positively associated with sensitivity to others. Importantly, the latter associations were similar for both Dutch natives and immigrants, and the associations between acculturation and autonomy?connectedness were small and nonsignificant. Autonomy?connectedness, after controlling for self-construal and acculturation, explained a large amount of additional variance in anxiety (12.7%) and depression (14.1), and a medium amount of additional variance in drive for thinness (3.7%) and bulimia (4.8%). Autonomy?connectedness, thus, seems to be an important construct for people with a Western background, as well as for immigrants with a non-Western background.

AB - The present study investigated the associations between self-construal, acculturation, and autonomy?connectedness, as well as the relations between autonomy?connectedness and psychopathological symptoms, controlling for self-construal and acculturation. Participants were 1,209 Dutch individuals, of whom 693 (57.3%) were immigrants with a non-Western background. Results showed that an independent self-construal was positively associated with self-awareness and capacity for managing new situations, and was negatively associated with sensitivity to others (which are the three components of autonomy?connectedness). Moreover, an interdependent self-construal was negatively associated with self-awareness and capacity for managing new situations, and was positively associated with sensitivity to others. Importantly, the latter associations were similar for both Dutch natives and immigrants, and the associations between acculturation and autonomy?connectedness were small and nonsignificant. Autonomy?connectedness, after controlling for self-construal and acculturation, explained a large amount of additional variance in anxiety (12.7%) and depression (14.1), and a medium amount of additional variance in drive for thinness (3.7%) and bulimia (4.8%). Autonomy?connectedness, thus, seems to be an important construct for people with a Western background, as well as for immigrants with a non-Western background.

KW - ATTITUDES

KW - BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY

KW - PERSONALITY

KW - PREVALENCE

KW - SCALE

KW - VALIDITY

KW - acculturation

KW - anxiety

KW - autonomy-connectedness

KW - depression

KW - eating disorders

KW - self-construal

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DO - 10.1177/0022022118808924

M3 - Article

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SP - 80

EP - 99

JO - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

JF - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

SN - 0022-0221

IS - 1

ER -