Bancos en Colombia: ¿qué tan homogéneos son?

Translated title of the contribution: Banks in Colombia: How homogeneous are they?

Carlos León*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In complex systems, homogeneity has been documented as a source of fragility. Likewise, in the financial sector, it has been documented as a contributing factor for systemic risk. We assess homogeneity in the Colombian case by measuring how similar banks are regarding the structure of their overall financial statements, and their lending, investment, and funding portfolios. Distances among banks and an agglomerative clustering method yield the hierarchical structure of the banking system, which exhibits how banks are related to each other based on their financial structure. The Colombian banking sector displays homogeneous features, especially among the largest banks. Also, it seems size is a crucial determinant in the banking sector’s hierarchical structure. Results are robust to a principal component analysis feature selection procedure that reduces the dimensionality of the dataset. Results enable studying to what extent the banking sector is homogeneous, to identify banking firms that have a(n) (un)common financial structure, and, thus, to better examine systemic risk.

Translated title of the contributionBanks in Colombia: How homogeneous are they?
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)71-112
Number of pages42
JournalRevista de Economia del Rosario
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Banks
  • Clustering
  • Diversity
  • Machine learning
  • Systemic risk

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