Barriers to payment reform: Experiences from nine Dutch population health management sites

E.F. de Vries*, H.W. Drewes, J.N. Struijs, R. Heijink, C.A. Baan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Population health management (PHM) initiatives aim for better population health, quality of care and reduction of expenditure growth by integrating and optimizing services across domains. Reforms shifting payment of providers from traditional fee-for-service towards value-based payment models may support PHM. We aimed to gain insight into payment reform in nine Dutch PHM sites. Specifically, we investigated 1) the type of payment models implemented, and 2) the experienced barriers towards payment reform. Between October 2016 and February 2017, we conducted 36 (semi-)structured interviews with program managers, hospitals, insurers and primary care representatives of the sites. We addressed the structure of payment models and barriers to payment reform in general. After three years of PHM, we found that four shared savings models for pharmaceutical care and five extensions of existing (bundled) payment models adding providers into the model were implemented. Interviewees stated that reluctance to shift financial accountability to providers was partly due to information asymmetry, a lack of trust and conflicting incentives between providers and insurers, and last but not least a lack of a sense of urgency. Small steps to payment reform have been taken in the Dutch PHM sites, which is in line with other international PHM initiatives. While acknowledging the autonomy of PHM sites, governmental stewardship (e.g. long-term vision, supporting knowledge development) can further stimulate value-based payment reforms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1100-1107
JournalHealth Policy
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Alternative payment models
  • CARE
  • Integrated care
  • Payment reform
  • Population health management
  • Value
  • Value-based payment models


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