Beliefs of public health nurses about solution-focused parenting support: A questionnaire study

Liesbeth Theuns-boumans*, Jolanda Mathijssen, Carin Rots-de Vries, Ien Van De Goor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Parenting support guidelines for public health nurses have shifted from a problem-focused to a solution-focused approach. Given the fundamental differences between these two approaches, implementation of solution-focused parenting support is assumed to be difficult. Since the way public health nurses provide parenting support is largely guided by their beliefs, knowledge about their beliefs concerning solution-focused parenting support is important for its actual implementation. This study aims to explore the behavioral, normative, and control beliefs of public health nurses about solution-focused parenting support for future design of implementation interventions and related research activities.

A theory of planned behavior questionnaire was systematically developed and tested using focus groups. Thematic analysis and nominal group technique were used to analyze the data and to reach consensus. Next, this questionnaire was conducted among 449 public health nurses in the Netherlands. Factor analysis and descriptive statistical analysis were performed.

Factor analysis resulted in three distinguishing subscales: behavioral beliefs (α = 0.79), normative beliefs (α = 0.80), and control beliefs (α = 0.64). Beliefs of public health nurses about solution-focused parenting support were moderately positive to positive (means varying from 4.24 to 5.54, on a 1–7 scale), and differences were statistically significant for various background variables. Control beliefs were less positive than behavioral and normative beliefs. Public health nurses trained in solution-focused parenting support reported more positive control beliefs (M = 4.34, SD = 0.83) as compared to untrained public health nurses (M = 4.00, SD = 0.82).

This study is the first to provide insight into public health nurses’ beliefs about solution-focused parenting support. The overall moderately positive to positive beliefs of PHNs about solution-focused parenting support suggests that PHNs tend to accept solution-focused parenting support as a viable approach. Compared to behavioral and normative beliefs, PHNs score the lowest on control beliefs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106693
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • solution-focused
  • Parenting support
  • public health nurse


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