We assess the impact of bank deregulation on the distribution of income in the United States. From the 1970s through the 1990s, most states removed restrictions on intrastate branching, which intensified bank competition and improved bank performance. Exploiting the cross-state, cross-time variation in the timing of branch deregulation, we find that deregulation materially tightened the distribution of income by boosting incomes in the lower part of the income distribution while having little impact on incomes above the median. The results suggest that regulatory impediment to competition among banks during the 20th century were disproportionally harmful to lower income workers.
|Place of Publication||Tilburg|
|Number of pages||46|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
|Name||CentER Discussion Paper|
- Financial Institutions
- Government Policy and Regulation
- Income Inequality