Birth spacing and neonatal mortality in India

Dynamics, frailty and fecundity

S. Bhalotra, A.H.O. van Soest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Using microdata on 30,000 child births in India and dynamic panel data models, we analyze causal effects of birth spacing on subsequent neonatal mortality and of mortality on subsequent birth intervals, controlling for unobserved heterogeneity. Right censoring is accounted for by jointly estimating a fertility equation, identified by using data on sterilization. We find evidence of frailty, fecundity, and causal effects in both directions. Birth intervals explain only a limited share of the correlation between neonatal mortality of successive children in a family. We predict that for every neonatal death, 0.37 additional children are born, of whom 0.30 survive.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-290
JournalJournal of Econometrics
Volume143
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Birth spacing
Mortality
India
Frailty
Causal effect
Unobserved heterogeneity
Dynamic panel data model
Childbirth
Micro data
Fertility
Censoring

Cite this

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title = "Birth spacing and neonatal mortality in India: Dynamics, frailty and fecundity",
abstract = "Using microdata on 30,000 child births in India and dynamic panel data models, we analyze causal effects of birth spacing on subsequent neonatal mortality and of mortality on subsequent birth intervals, controlling for unobserved heterogeneity. Right censoring is accounted for by jointly estimating a fertility equation, identified by using data on sterilization. We find evidence of frailty, fecundity, and causal effects in both directions. Birth intervals explain only a limited share of the correlation between neonatal mortality of successive children in a family. We predict that for every neonatal death, 0.37 additional children are born, of whom 0.30 survive.",
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Birth spacing and neonatal mortality in India : Dynamics, frailty and fecundity. / Bhalotra, S.; van Soest, A.H.O.

In: Journal of Econometrics, Vol. 143, No. 2, 2008, p. 274-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Birth spacing and neonatal mortality in India

T2 - Dynamics, frailty and fecundity

AU - Bhalotra, S.

AU - van Soest, A.H.O.

N1 - Appeared earlier as CentER DP 2005-06

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Using microdata on 30,000 child births in India and dynamic panel data models, we analyze causal effects of birth spacing on subsequent neonatal mortality and of mortality on subsequent birth intervals, controlling for unobserved heterogeneity. Right censoring is accounted for by jointly estimating a fertility equation, identified by using data on sterilization. We find evidence of frailty, fecundity, and causal effects in both directions. Birth intervals explain only a limited share of the correlation between neonatal mortality of successive children in a family. We predict that for every neonatal death, 0.37 additional children are born, of whom 0.30 survive.

AB - Using microdata on 30,000 child births in India and dynamic panel data models, we analyze causal effects of birth spacing on subsequent neonatal mortality and of mortality on subsequent birth intervals, controlling for unobserved heterogeneity. Right censoring is accounted for by jointly estimating a fertility equation, identified by using data on sterilization. We find evidence of frailty, fecundity, and causal effects in both directions. Birth intervals explain only a limited share of the correlation between neonatal mortality of successive children in a family. We predict that for every neonatal death, 0.37 additional children are born, of whom 0.30 survive.

M3 - Article

VL - 143

SP - 274

EP - 290

JO - Journal of Econometrics

JF - Journal of Econometrics

SN - 0304-4076

IS - 2

ER -