Burnout symptoms in forensic mental health nurses: Results from a longitudinal study

Peter De Looff, Robert Didden, Petri Embregts, Henk Nijman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Burnout in nursing staff is a major cause for turnover and absenteeism. Identifying risk and protective factors may be helpful in decreasing burnout symptoms. Moreover, research indicates that ambulatory assessments of the autonomic nervous system might be helpful in detecting long‐term stress and burnout symptoms. One hundred and ten forensic nursing staff members completed questionnaires measuring experiences with aggressive behaviour, emotional intelligence, personality, and job stress during four waves of data collection across a 2‐year period. Multilevel analyses were used to test the predicted associations and moderation effects with (the development of) burnout symptoms. Burnout was predicted by a combination of emotional intelligence, job stress, aggression, personality factors, and skin conductance, but no moderation effects over time were found. Over a period of 2 years, the model approximately predicts a change in one burnout category on the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The amount of burnout symptoms in nurses might be used as an indicator to predict turnover and absenteeism considering the increase in symptoms over time. Nursing staff who experience severe aggression and who have relatively low levels of emotional intelligence and altruism and high levels of neuroticism and job stress should be monitored and supported to decrease the risk of burnout. Staff members can be trained to increase their emotional intelligence and relieve stress to decrease their burnout symptoms and turnover and absenteeism on the long term. Ambulatory assessment might be helpful as a nonintrusive way to detect increasing levels of burnout.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-317
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Volume28
Issue number1
Early online date2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Absenteeism
Nursing Staff
Mental Health
Nurses
Altruism
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • AGGRESSIVE-BEHAVIOR
  • CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
  • CLIENTS
  • EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
  • EXPOSURE
  • INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES
  • PEOPLE
  • SERVICES
  • STAFF WORKING
  • STRESS
  • burnout symptoms
  • forensic nursing
  • moderators
  • risk and protective factors
  • skin conductance

Cite this

@article{e57c1a05dfcc4e43ab89aa9b12fa7ad1,
title = "Burnout symptoms in forensic mental health nurses: Results from a longitudinal study",
abstract = "Burnout in nursing staff is a major cause for turnover and absenteeism. Identifying risk and protective factors may be helpful in decreasing burnout symptoms. Moreover, research indicates that ambulatory assessments of the autonomic nervous system might be helpful in detecting long‐term stress and burnout symptoms. One hundred and ten forensic nursing staff members completed questionnaires measuring experiences with aggressive behaviour, emotional intelligence, personality, and job stress during four waves of data collection across a 2‐year period. Multilevel analyses were used to test the predicted associations and moderation effects with (the development of) burnout symptoms. Burnout was predicted by a combination of emotional intelligence, job stress, aggression, personality factors, and skin conductance, but no moderation effects over time were found. Over a period of 2 years, the model approximately predicts a change in one burnout category on the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The amount of burnout symptoms in nurses might be used as an indicator to predict turnover and absenteeism considering the increase in symptoms over time. Nursing staff who experience severe aggression and who have relatively low levels of emotional intelligence and altruism and high levels of neuroticism and job stress should be monitored and supported to decrease the risk of burnout. Staff members can be trained to increase their emotional intelligence and relieve stress to decrease their burnout symptoms and turnover and absenteeism on the long term. Ambulatory assessment might be helpful as a nonintrusive way to detect increasing levels of burnout.",
keywords = "AGGRESSIVE-BEHAVIOR, CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR, CLIENTS, EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE, EXPOSURE, INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES, PEOPLE, SERVICES, STAFF WORKING, STRESS, burnout symptoms, forensic nursing, moderators, risk and protective factors, skin conductance",
author = "{De Looff}, Peter and Robert Didden and Petri Embregts and Henk Nijman",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1111/inm.12536",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "306--317",
journal = "International Journal of Mental Health Nursing",
issn = "1445-8330",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "1",

}

Burnout symptoms in forensic mental health nurses : Results from a longitudinal study. / De Looff, Peter; Didden, Robert; Embregts, Petri; Nijman, Henk.

In: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 28, No. 1, 02.2019, p. 306-317.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Burnout symptoms in forensic mental health nurses

T2 - Results from a longitudinal study

AU - De Looff, Peter

AU - Didden, Robert

AU - Embregts, Petri

AU - Nijman, Henk

PY - 2019/2

Y1 - 2019/2

N2 - Burnout in nursing staff is a major cause for turnover and absenteeism. Identifying risk and protective factors may be helpful in decreasing burnout symptoms. Moreover, research indicates that ambulatory assessments of the autonomic nervous system might be helpful in detecting long‐term stress and burnout symptoms. One hundred and ten forensic nursing staff members completed questionnaires measuring experiences with aggressive behaviour, emotional intelligence, personality, and job stress during four waves of data collection across a 2‐year period. Multilevel analyses were used to test the predicted associations and moderation effects with (the development of) burnout symptoms. Burnout was predicted by a combination of emotional intelligence, job stress, aggression, personality factors, and skin conductance, but no moderation effects over time were found. Over a period of 2 years, the model approximately predicts a change in one burnout category on the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The amount of burnout symptoms in nurses might be used as an indicator to predict turnover and absenteeism considering the increase in symptoms over time. Nursing staff who experience severe aggression and who have relatively low levels of emotional intelligence and altruism and high levels of neuroticism and job stress should be monitored and supported to decrease the risk of burnout. Staff members can be trained to increase their emotional intelligence and relieve stress to decrease their burnout symptoms and turnover and absenteeism on the long term. Ambulatory assessment might be helpful as a nonintrusive way to detect increasing levels of burnout.

AB - Burnout in nursing staff is a major cause for turnover and absenteeism. Identifying risk and protective factors may be helpful in decreasing burnout symptoms. Moreover, research indicates that ambulatory assessments of the autonomic nervous system might be helpful in detecting long‐term stress and burnout symptoms. One hundred and ten forensic nursing staff members completed questionnaires measuring experiences with aggressive behaviour, emotional intelligence, personality, and job stress during four waves of data collection across a 2‐year period. Multilevel analyses were used to test the predicted associations and moderation effects with (the development of) burnout symptoms. Burnout was predicted by a combination of emotional intelligence, job stress, aggression, personality factors, and skin conductance, but no moderation effects over time were found. Over a period of 2 years, the model approximately predicts a change in one burnout category on the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The amount of burnout symptoms in nurses might be used as an indicator to predict turnover and absenteeism considering the increase in symptoms over time. Nursing staff who experience severe aggression and who have relatively low levels of emotional intelligence and altruism and high levels of neuroticism and job stress should be monitored and supported to decrease the risk of burnout. Staff members can be trained to increase their emotional intelligence and relieve stress to decrease their burnout symptoms and turnover and absenteeism on the long term. Ambulatory assessment might be helpful as a nonintrusive way to detect increasing levels of burnout.

KW - AGGRESSIVE-BEHAVIOR

KW - CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

KW - CLIENTS

KW - EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

KW - EXPOSURE

KW - INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES

KW - PEOPLE

KW - SERVICES

KW - STAFF WORKING

KW - STRESS

KW - burnout symptoms

KW - forensic nursing

KW - moderators

KW - risk and protective factors

KW - skin conductance

U2 - 10.1111/inm.12536

DO - 10.1111/inm.12536

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 306

EP - 317

JO - International Journal of Mental Health Nursing

JF - International Journal of Mental Health Nursing

SN - 1445-8330

IS - 1

ER -