CALLOUS-UNEMOTIONAL TRAITS IN YOUTH FROM A DSM-5 TRAIT PERSPECTIVE

Mieke Decuyper*, Elien De Caluwe, Barbara De Clercq, Filip De Fruyt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study investigated how the Callous-Unemotional (CU) trait specifier is empirically associated with the proposed trait system for personality pathology in DSM-5, and addressed the use of multiple raters in the assessment of CU traits and additional maladaptive traits in an adolescent community sample. Both mothers and adolescents (N = 197) participated in the present study. Results showed that CU traits are located in different parts of the personality space, and are significantly associated with four broad maladaptive trait dimensions, Negative Affect, Detachment, Antagonism, and Disinhibition. Despite moderate agreement between raters, self- and maternal-rated CU traits were related in a congruent manner with PID-5 traits, and adolescents provided incremental information in CU trait assessment above maternal ratings. The present results have clear implications for the conceptualization of CU traits within the overarching model of personality pathology, proposed in DSM-5, and partially supported the application of a multi-informant approach in CU trait assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-357
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Volume28
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • PATHOLOGICAL PERSONALITY-TRAITS
  • 5 FACTOR MODEL
  • ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR
  • 5-FACTOR MODEL
  • ADOLESCENT PSYCHOPATHY
  • INFORMANT AGREEMENT
  • PARENT-REPORT
  • SAMPLE
  • INVENTORY
  • DISORDERS

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