Can Subjectivism Account for Degrees of Wellbeing?

Willem van der Deijl*, Huub Brouwer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Wellbeing describes how good life is for the person living it. Wellbeing comes in degrees. Subjective theories of wellbeing maintain that for objects or states of affairs to benefit us, we need to have a positive attitude towards these objects or states of affairs: the Resonance Constraint. In this article, we investigate to what extent subjectivism can plausibly account for degrees of wellbeing. There is a vast literature on whether preference-satisfaction theory - one particular subjective theory - can account for degrees of wellbeing. This is generally taken to be problematic. However, other subjective theories - namely, desire-satisfaction, judgment- and value-fulfillment theories - do not suffer from the same difficulties. We introduce two models of degrees of wellbeing a subjectivist can employ: the Relative and the Absolute Model, and defend the claim that both models face difficulties. In particular, we argue that a subjectivist theory should describe instances of depression as instances of low degrees of wellbeing. We also argue that a reduction of desires may sometimes improve one's degree of wellbeing, an idea we call the Epicurean Intuition. We then argue that the Relative Model fails to account for the disbenefit of certain types of depression, while the Absolute Model fails to meet a central commitment of subjectivism - the Resonance Constraint - and is unable to accommodate the Epicurean Intuition. The upshot of the paper is that subjectivist theories cannot account for degrees of well-being in a plausible way.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages22
JournalEthical Theory and Moral Practice
Early online date2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

Keywords

  • Wellbeing
  • Subjectivism
  • Degrees of wellbeing
  • Ill-being
  • INTERPERSONAL COMPARISONS
  • DESIRE-SATISFACTION
  • PREFERENCES
  • DEFENSE
  • WELFARE

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