Carrying a σταυρός: A Re-Assessment of the Non-Christian Greek Sources

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The Gospels tell of Simon of Cyrene/Jesus carrying a σταυρός on the way to crucifixion. In the recent years influential scholars such as Gunnar Samuelsson and John Granger Cook entered a discussion about what we can know about crucifixion and what it was that Jesus carried. Often, scholars assume that carrying a σταυρός was a common crucifixion practice, and refer to a few Greek sources as parallels. Yet, do these sources speak of cross-bearing? In this article it is argued that possibly three of the sources could be counted as parallels to cross-bearing practices represented in the Gospels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-355
Number of pages20
JournalNew Testament Studies
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • cross-bearing
  • crucifixion
  • patibulum


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