Cause-specific Neonatal Deaths

Levels, Trend and Determinants in Rural Bangladesh, 1987-2005

U.R. Saha, A.H.O. van Soest, G.E. Bijwaard

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

574 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Abstract: Reducing neonatal mortality is a particularly important issue in Bangladesh. We employ a competing risks model incorporating both observed and unobserved heterogeneity and allowing the heterogeneity terms for various causes to be correlated. Data come from the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS), Matlab. The results confirm the general conclusion on levels, trends and patterns of causes of neonatal deaths in the existing literature, but also reveal some remarkable socioeconomic differences in the risks of causespecific deaths. Deaths due to low birth weight and other causes (sudden infant death, unspecified or specified) are better explained from the socio- economic covariates than deaths due to neonatal infections or obstetric complications. The analysis highlights the role of maternal and child health interventions (particularly tetanus toxoid immunization for pregnant women, nutrition programs, and high coverage health services: distance to nearest health centre). Policies that increase quality and equity in child births may help to further reduce neonatal mortality.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherEconometrics
Number of pages43
Volume2012-016
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper
Volume2012-016

Fingerprint

Low Birth Weight Infant
Obstetrics
Health Services
Cause of Death
Perinatal Death
Maternal Health
Child Health

Keywords

  • millennium development goals
  • neonatal deaths
  • competing risks models
  • unobserved heterogeneity
  • Bangladesh

Cite this

Saha, U. R., van Soest, A. H. O., & Bijwaard, G. E. (2012). Cause-specific Neonatal Deaths: Levels, Trend and Determinants in Rural Bangladesh, 1987-2005. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2012-016). Tilburg: Econometrics.
Saha, U.R. ; van Soest, A.H.O. ; Bijwaard, G.E. / Cause-specific Neonatal Deaths : Levels, Trend and Determinants in Rural Bangladesh, 1987-2005. Tilburg : Econometrics, 2012. (CentER Discussion Paper).
@techreport{a51b9cf074dd4bc2bd6fdddd733f43a7,
title = "Cause-specific Neonatal Deaths: Levels, Trend and Determinants in Rural Bangladesh, 1987-2005",
abstract = "Abstract: Reducing neonatal mortality is a particularly important issue in Bangladesh. We employ a competing risks model incorporating both observed and unobserved heterogeneity and allowing the heterogeneity terms for various causes to be correlated. Data come from the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS), Matlab. The results confirm the general conclusion on levels, trends and patterns of causes of neonatal deaths in the existing literature, but also reveal some remarkable socioeconomic differences in the risks of causespecific deaths. Deaths due to low birth weight and other causes (sudden infant death, unspecified or specified) are better explained from the socio- economic covariates than deaths due to neonatal infections or obstetric complications. The analysis highlights the role of maternal and child health interventions (particularly tetanus toxoid immunization for pregnant women, nutrition programs, and high coverage health services: distance to nearest health centre). Policies that increase quality and equity in child births may help to further reduce neonatal mortality.",
keywords = "millennium development goals, neonatal deaths, competing risks models, unobserved heterogeneity, Bangladesh",
author = "U.R. Saha and {van Soest}, A.H.O. and G.E. Bijwaard",
note = "Pagination: 43",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "2012-016",
series = "CentER Discussion Paper",
publisher = "Econometrics",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "Econometrics",

}

Saha, UR, van Soest, AHO & Bijwaard, GE 2012 'Cause-specific Neonatal Deaths: Levels, Trend and Determinants in Rural Bangladesh, 1987-2005' CentER Discussion Paper, vol. 2012-016, Econometrics, Tilburg.

Cause-specific Neonatal Deaths : Levels, Trend and Determinants in Rural Bangladesh, 1987-2005. / Saha, U.R.; van Soest, A.H.O.; Bijwaard, G.E.

Tilburg : Econometrics, 2012. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2012-016).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

TY - UNPB

T1 - Cause-specific Neonatal Deaths

T2 - Levels, Trend and Determinants in Rural Bangladesh, 1987-2005

AU - Saha, U.R.

AU - van Soest, A.H.O.

AU - Bijwaard, G.E.

N1 - Pagination: 43

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Abstract: Reducing neonatal mortality is a particularly important issue in Bangladesh. We employ a competing risks model incorporating both observed and unobserved heterogeneity and allowing the heterogeneity terms for various causes to be correlated. Data come from the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS), Matlab. The results confirm the general conclusion on levels, trends and patterns of causes of neonatal deaths in the existing literature, but also reveal some remarkable socioeconomic differences in the risks of causespecific deaths. Deaths due to low birth weight and other causes (sudden infant death, unspecified or specified) are better explained from the socio- economic covariates than deaths due to neonatal infections or obstetric complications. The analysis highlights the role of maternal and child health interventions (particularly tetanus toxoid immunization for pregnant women, nutrition programs, and high coverage health services: distance to nearest health centre). Policies that increase quality and equity in child births may help to further reduce neonatal mortality.

AB - Abstract: Reducing neonatal mortality is a particularly important issue in Bangladesh. We employ a competing risks model incorporating both observed and unobserved heterogeneity and allowing the heterogeneity terms for various causes to be correlated. Data come from the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS), Matlab. The results confirm the general conclusion on levels, trends and patterns of causes of neonatal deaths in the existing literature, but also reveal some remarkable socioeconomic differences in the risks of causespecific deaths. Deaths due to low birth weight and other causes (sudden infant death, unspecified or specified) are better explained from the socio- economic covariates than deaths due to neonatal infections or obstetric complications. The analysis highlights the role of maternal and child health interventions (particularly tetanus toxoid immunization for pregnant women, nutrition programs, and high coverage health services: distance to nearest health centre). Policies that increase quality and equity in child births may help to further reduce neonatal mortality.

KW - millennium development goals

KW - neonatal deaths

KW - competing risks models

KW - unobserved heterogeneity

KW - Bangladesh

M3 - Discussion paper

VL - 2012-016

T3 - CentER Discussion Paper

BT - Cause-specific Neonatal Deaths

PB - Econometrics

CY - Tilburg

ER -

Saha UR, van Soest AHO, Bijwaard GE. Cause-specific Neonatal Deaths: Levels, Trend and Determinants in Rural Bangladesh, 1987-2005. Tilburg: Econometrics. 2012. (CentER Discussion Paper).