Children's snack consumption: role of parents, peers and child snack-purchasing behaviour: Results from the INPACT study

Wilke J. C. van Ansem, Carola T. M. Schrijvers, Gerda Rodenburg, Dike van de Mheen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Parents and peers are both likely to influence children’s dietary behaviour. However, their actual influence may depend on the age and life stage of the individual child. Therefore, this study examined the influence of parents (home snack availability and consumption rules) and peers on 11-year-old children’s snack consumption, and whether these associations were mediated by children’s snack-purchasing behaviour. It was hypothesized that children are more likely to buy unhealthy snacks if these are not always available at home, if restrictive rules apply to their consumption and if a child is sensitive to peer influence. It was also assumed that children who buy snacks out of their pocket money would consume more snacks. Methods: Data were taken from 1203 parent–child dyads who completed a questionnaire in the INPACT study (IVO Physical Activity Child cohorT). Multivariable regression models were used to (i) analyze associations between children’s consumption and parents’ and peers’ influence and (ii) determine whether these associations were mediated by children’s snack-purchasing behaviour. Results: Of the parental factors, home availability of snacks was associated with higher snack consumption ( B = 1.03, P < 0.05). Parental factors and children’s snack-purchasing behaviour were not associated. Children who were sensitive to peer influence consumed more snacks ( B = 3ċ07, P < 0.01) and bought more snacks out of their pocket money (odds ratio 3.27, P < 0.0.01). Children’s snack-purchasing behaviour explained part (8.6%) of the association between peer influence and children’s snack consumption. Conclusion: As these findings indicate that both parents and peers influence children’s snack consumption, health promotion may benefit from targeting the broader social environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1006-1011
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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van Ansem, Wilke J. C. ; Schrijvers, Carola T. M. ; Rodenburg, Gerda ; van de Mheen, Dike. / Children's snack consumption: role of parents, peers and child snack-purchasing behaviour : Results from the INPACT study. In: European Journal of Public Health. 2015 ; Vol. 25, No. 6. pp. 1006-1011.
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title = "Children's snack consumption: role of parents, peers and child snack-purchasing behaviour: Results from the INPACT study",
abstract = "Background: Parents and peers are both likely to influence children’s dietary behaviour. However, their actual influence may depend on the age and life stage of the individual child. Therefore, this study examined the influence of parents (home snack availability and consumption rules) and peers on 11-year-old children’s snack consumption, and whether these associations were mediated by children’s snack-purchasing behaviour. It was hypothesized that children are more likely to buy unhealthy snacks if these are not always available at home, if restrictive rules apply to their consumption and if a child is sensitive to peer influence. It was also assumed that children who buy snacks out of their pocket money would consume more snacks. Methods: Data were taken from 1203 parent–child dyads who completed a questionnaire in the INPACT study (IVO Physical Activity Child cohorT). Multivariable regression models were used to (i) analyze associations between children’s consumption and parents’ and peers’ influence and (ii) determine whether these associations were mediated by children’s snack-purchasing behaviour. Results: Of the parental factors, home availability of snacks was associated with higher snack consumption ( B = 1.03, P < 0.05). Parental factors and children’s snack-purchasing behaviour were not associated. Children who were sensitive to peer influence consumed more snacks ( B = 3ċ07, P < 0.01) and bought more snacks out of their pocket money (odds ratio 3.27, P < 0.0.01). Children’s snack-purchasing behaviour explained part (8.6{\%}) of the association between peer influence and children’s snack consumption. Conclusion: As these findings indicate that both parents and peers influence children’s snack consumption, health promotion may benefit from targeting the broader social environment.",
author = "{van Ansem}, {Wilke J. C.} and Schrijvers, {Carola T. M.} and Gerda Rodenburg and {van de Mheen}, Dike",
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pages = "1006--1011",
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Children's snack consumption: role of parents, peers and child snack-purchasing behaviour : Results from the INPACT study. / van Ansem, Wilke J. C.; Schrijvers, Carola T. M.; Rodenburg, Gerda; van de Mheen, Dike.

In: European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 25, No. 6, 2015, p. 1006-1011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Children's snack consumption: role of parents, peers and child snack-purchasing behaviour

T2 - Results from the INPACT study

AU - van Ansem, Wilke J. C.

AU - Schrijvers, Carola T. M.

AU - Rodenburg, Gerda

AU - van de Mheen, Dike

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Background: Parents and peers are both likely to influence children’s dietary behaviour. However, their actual influence may depend on the age and life stage of the individual child. Therefore, this study examined the influence of parents (home snack availability and consumption rules) and peers on 11-year-old children’s snack consumption, and whether these associations were mediated by children’s snack-purchasing behaviour. It was hypothesized that children are more likely to buy unhealthy snacks if these are not always available at home, if restrictive rules apply to their consumption and if a child is sensitive to peer influence. It was also assumed that children who buy snacks out of their pocket money would consume more snacks. Methods: Data were taken from 1203 parent–child dyads who completed a questionnaire in the INPACT study (IVO Physical Activity Child cohorT). Multivariable regression models were used to (i) analyze associations between children’s consumption and parents’ and peers’ influence and (ii) determine whether these associations were mediated by children’s snack-purchasing behaviour. Results: Of the parental factors, home availability of snacks was associated with higher snack consumption ( B = 1.03, P < 0.05). Parental factors and children’s snack-purchasing behaviour were not associated. Children who were sensitive to peer influence consumed more snacks ( B = 3ċ07, P < 0.01) and bought more snacks out of their pocket money (odds ratio 3.27, P < 0.0.01). Children’s snack-purchasing behaviour explained part (8.6%) of the association between peer influence and children’s snack consumption. Conclusion: As these findings indicate that both parents and peers influence children’s snack consumption, health promotion may benefit from targeting the broader social environment.

AB - Background: Parents and peers are both likely to influence children’s dietary behaviour. However, their actual influence may depend on the age and life stage of the individual child. Therefore, this study examined the influence of parents (home snack availability and consumption rules) and peers on 11-year-old children’s snack consumption, and whether these associations were mediated by children’s snack-purchasing behaviour. It was hypothesized that children are more likely to buy unhealthy snacks if these are not always available at home, if restrictive rules apply to their consumption and if a child is sensitive to peer influence. It was also assumed that children who buy snacks out of their pocket money would consume more snacks. Methods: Data were taken from 1203 parent–child dyads who completed a questionnaire in the INPACT study (IVO Physical Activity Child cohorT). Multivariable regression models were used to (i) analyze associations between children’s consumption and parents’ and peers’ influence and (ii) determine whether these associations were mediated by children’s snack-purchasing behaviour. Results: Of the parental factors, home availability of snacks was associated with higher snack consumption ( B = 1.03, P < 0.05). Parental factors and children’s snack-purchasing behaviour were not associated. Children who were sensitive to peer influence consumed more snacks ( B = 3ċ07, P < 0.01) and bought more snacks out of their pocket money (odds ratio 3.27, P < 0.0.01). Children’s snack-purchasing behaviour explained part (8.6%) of the association between peer influence and children’s snack consumption. Conclusion: As these findings indicate that both parents and peers influence children’s snack consumption, health promotion may benefit from targeting the broader social environment.

U2 - 10.1093/eurpub/ckv098

DO - 10.1093/eurpub/ckv098

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 1006

EP - 1011

JO - European Journal of Public Health

JF - European Journal of Public Health

SN - 1101-1262

IS - 6

ER -